傷害

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See also: 伤害

Chinese[edit]

injure; injury; wound
 
to do harm to; to cause trouble to; harm; evil; calamity
trad. (傷害)
simp. (伤害)

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • siên1 hai7 - Chaozhou;
  • sion1 hai7 - Shantou, Jieyang, Chaoyang.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Initial () (26) (33)
Final () (105) (25)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕɨɐŋ/ /ɦɑiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕiɐŋ/ /ɦɑiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiɑŋ/ /ɣɑiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕɨaŋ/ /ɦajH/
Li
Rong
/ɕiaŋ/ /ɣɑiH/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭaŋ/ /ɣɑiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯aŋ/ /ɣɑiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shāng hài
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shāng hài hài
Middle
Chinese
‹ syang › ‹ hajH › ‹ hajH ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥aŋ/ /*N-kˁat-s/ /*m-kˁat-s/
English wound be hurt (v.i.); injury (n.) hurt (v.t.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/1
No. 14581 14588 4845
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljaŋ/ /*hljaŋs/ /*ɡaːds/
Notes 𥎆

Verb[edit]

傷害

  1. to injure; to hurt
    傷害感情 / 伤害感情  ―  shānghài gǎnqíng  ―  to hurt someone's feelings
  2. (law) to commit assault

Synonyms[edit]

  • (to injure):
edit

Noun[edit]

傷害

  1. injury
  2. (law) assault

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (傷害):

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
しょう
Grade: 6
がい
Grade: 4
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 傷害 (MC ɕɨɐŋ ɦɑiH).

Noun[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

傷害 (hiragana しょうがい, rōmaji shōgai)

  1. injury
    •  (しょう) (がい) (げん) (いん) (げん) () (ばく) (だん) (ちょく) (せつ)よるものと、その (ばく) (はつ) (げん) (しょう) (ともな) (かん) (せつ)のものとがある。
      Shōgai no gen'in wa genshibakudan ni chokusetsu yoru mono to, sono bakuhatsu no genshō ni tomonau kansetsu no mono to ga aru.
      Injuries were caused by direct exposure to the nuclear blast as well as indirectly from contact with the resulting phenomena.

Verb[edit]

傷害する (suru conjugation, hiragana しょうがいする, rōmaji shōgai suru)

  1. to injure

Conjugation[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

傷害 (sanghae) (hangeul 상해)

  1. Hanja form? of 상해 (injury; wound).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Verb[edit]

傷害

  1. Hán tự form of thương hại (to feel sorry for someone; to pity; to show compassion to).