突厥

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Chinese[edit]

phonetic
simp. and trad.
(突厥)
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Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from a form which also gave rise to the name Türk (cf. Old Turkic 𐱅𐰇𐰼𐰏(Türk), 𐱅𐰇𐰼𐰰(Türük)), but the phonetics are difficult to reconcile.

It has been suggested that this is a transcription of Rouran *Türküt, a plural of the Mongolic type, composed of Türk + *-üt (Mongolic plural suffix, compare Khalkha Mongolian -үүд (-üüd)) (Pelliot, 1915). Pulleyblank (1965) proposed that this is a direct transcription of Türk.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/2
Initial () (6) (28)
Final () (56) (60)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰuət̚/ /kɨut̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰuot̚/ /kiut̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰuət̚/ /kiuət̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰwət̚/ /kut̚/
Li
Rong
/tʰuət̚/ /kiuət̚/
Wang
Li
/tʰuət̚/ /kĭuət̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰuət̚/ /ki̯uət̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tu ju

Proper noun[edit]

突厥

  1. Turk (collective name for various Turkic ethnic groups)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (突厥):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
とつ > とっ
Grade: S
けつ
Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

突厥 (hiragana とっけつ, rōmaji Tokketsu)

  1. the Turks
  2. Mongolia

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Proper noun[edit]

突厥 (Dolgwol) (hangeul 돌궐)

  1. Hanja form? of 돌궐 (Turk; Göktürk)).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Proper noun[edit]

突厥

  1. Hán tự form of Đột Quyết (Turk; Göktürk)).