hospital

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See also: Hospital and hôpital

English

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English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms

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Etymology

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A room in a hospital

From Middle English hospital, hospitall, from Old French hospital (Modern French hôpital), from Late Latin hospitālis, hospitāle (hospice, shelter, guesthouse), from noun use of Latin hospitālis (hospitable), from hospes (host, guest). Doublet of hotel and hostel. Displaced native Middle English lechehous, from Old English lǣċehūs (literally doctor house).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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hospital (countable and uncountable, plural hospitals)

  1. A large medical facility, usually in a building with multiple floors, where seriously ill or injured patients are given extensive medical and/or surgical treatment.
    Luckily an ambulance arrived quickly and he was rushed to hospital. (UK)
    Luckily an ambulance arrived quickly and he was rushed to the hospital. (US)
    • 2010, Sameer P. Sarkar, “Mental health law and the mentally disordered offender”, in Annie Bartlett, Gill McGauley, editors, Forensic Mental Health: Concepts, Systems, and Practice, Oxford University Press, →ISBN, section 3 (Law), page 265:
      This section of the Act gives the court powers to assess whether treatment is going to be beneficial and hence whether hospital is a suitable disposal option.
  2. A building founded for the long-term care of its residents, such as an almshouse. The residents may have no physical ailments, but simply need financial support.
  3. (obsolete) A place of lodging.

Synonyms

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Hyponyms

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Coordinate terms

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Derived terms

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Descendants

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Translations

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Adjective

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hospital (comparative more hospital, superlative most hospital)

  1. (obsolete) Hospitable.

Asturian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Late Latin hospitālis, hospitāle (hospice, shelter, guesthouse), from Latin hospitālis (hospitable).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ospiˈtal/, [os.piˈt̪al]
  • Rhymes: -al
  • Hyphenation: hos‧pi‧tal

Noun

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hospital m (plural hospitales)

  1. hospital (building)

Catalan

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Catalan Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ca

Etymology

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Borrowed from Late Latin hospitālis, hospitāle (hospice, shelter, guesthouse), noun use of Latin hospitālis (hospitable). Doublet of the inherited hostal.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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hospital m (plural hospitals)

  1. hospital

Derived terms

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Further reading

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Cebuano

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Etymology

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Borrowed from English hospital, borrowed from Old French hospital, from Latin hospitālis (hospitable), from hospes (host, guest).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˌhospiˈtal/ [ˌhos̪.pɪˈt̪al̪]
  • Rhymes: -al
  • Hyphenation: hos‧pi‧tal

Noun

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hóspitál (Badlit spelling ᜑᜓᜐ᜔ᜉᜒᜆᜎ᜔)

  1. a hospital
    Synonyms: ospital, tambalanan

Danish

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Late Latin hospitālis, hospitāle (hospital, guesthouse), from the neuter form of Latin hospitālis (hospitable), from hospes (host, guest, stranger).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /hɔspitaːl/, [hɔsb̥iˈtˢæːˀl] or IPA(key): /hospitaːl/, [hosb̥iˈtˢæːˀl]

Noun

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hospital n (singular definite hospitalet, plural indefinite hospitaler)

  1. hospital

Inflection

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Synonyms

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Further reading

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French

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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hospital m (plural hospitaux)

  1. Obsolete spelling of hôpital.

Galician

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Etymology

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From Old Galician-Portuguese hospital, espital, spital, borrowed from Late Latin hospitālis, hospitāle (hospice, shelter, guesthouse), from Latin hospitālis (hospitable).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ɔspiˈtal/ [ɔs̺.piˈt̪ɑɫ]
  • Rhymes: -al
  • Hyphenation: hos‧pi‧tal

Noun

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hospital m (plural hospitais)

  1. hospital
    Foi visitar un enfermo ao hospital. Un hospital privado.
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)

Derived terms

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Further reading

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Interlingua

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Pronunciation

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Adjective

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hospital (comparative plus hospital, superlative le plus hospital)

  1. hospitable
    • 1992, Ramiro Castro, “Un septimana in asuncion”, in Panorama in Interlingua, volume 1992, number martio-april:
      Le populo es multo hospital e amabile.
      The people are very hospitable and amiable.

Noun

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hospital (plural hospitales)

  1. hospital
    • 1959 March, A. Donald Merritt, Bernard F. Fetter, “Toxic Hepatic Necrosis (Hepatitis) due to Isoniazid: Report of a Case with Cirrhosis and Death due to Hemorrhage from Esophageal Varices”, in Annals of Internal Medicine, page 810:
      Esseva constatate plus tarde que illa habeva recipite streptomycina, isoniazido, e acido para-aminosalicylic un anno previemente a un altere hospital.
      It was established later that she had received streptomycin, isoniazid and para-aminosalicylic acid a year earlier at another hospital.

Malay

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Etymology

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Borrowed from English hospital, from Middle English hospital, from Old French hospital, from Latin hospitālis.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /hosˈpital/, [hosˈpi.t̪al]
  • Hyphenation: hos‧pi‧tal
  • Rhymes: -ital

Noun

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hospital (Jawi spelling هوسڤيتل, plural hospital-hospital, informal 1st possessive hospitalku, 2nd possessive hospitalmu, 3rd possessive hospitalnya)

  1. hospital

Synonyms

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Descendants

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Further reading

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Middle English

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Old French hospital, from Latin hospitālis, hospitāle. Doublet of hostel.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ɔspiˈtaːl/, /ˈɔspital/

Noun

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hospital (plural hospitals)

  1. A hostel or guesthouse; a place of accommodation or lodging.
  2. A shelter for the poor, ill or otherwise needy.
  3. A place of refuge; a retreat or redoubt.
  4. The Knights Hospitaller (a religious order)
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Descendants

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References

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Adjective

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hospital

  1. hospitable

Descendants

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References

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Middle French

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Etymology

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From Old French hospital (Modern French hôpital), borrowed from Late Latin hospitālis, hospitāle (hospice, shelter, guesthouse) from Latin hospitālis (hospitable), from hospes (host, guest).

Noun

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hospital m (plural hospitaulx)

  1. hospital (medical)

Descendants

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Old French

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Late Latin hospitālis, hospitāle (hospice, shelter, guesthouse), from Latin hospitālis (hospitable), from hospes (host, guest). Compare the inherited ostel.

Noun

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hospital oblique singularm (oblique plural hospitaus or hospitax or hospitals, nominative singular hospitaus or hospitax or hospitals, nominative plural hospital)

  1. hospital (medical)

Descendants

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Adjective

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hospital m (oblique and nominative feminine singular hospitale)

  1. hospitable; welcoming

Declension

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Old Occitan

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Latin hospitāle (hospital; guesthouse), noun use of the neuter form of hospitālis (pertaining to a host or guest).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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hospital m (oblique plural hospitals, nominative singular hospitals, nominative plural hospital)

  1. hospital
    • 12th c., Lo codi [The Code], translation of Codex Justinianeus by Justinian I:
      A gleisas et a hospitals
      to churches and hospitals
  2. One of several religious orders.
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Descendants

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Portuguese

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Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pt

Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Old Galician-Portuguese hospital, espital, spital, borrowed from Late Latin hospitālis (hospice, shelter, guesthouse), from Latin hospitālis (hospitable). Doublet of the inherited hospedal.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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hospital m (plural hospitais)

  1. hospital
    Synonym: nosocómio

Derived terms

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Descendants

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Spanish

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Late Latin hospitāle (hospice, shelter, guesthouse), from Latin hospitālis (hospitable). Doublet of hostal.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ospiˈtal/ [os.piˈt̪al]
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -al
  • Syllabification: hos‧pi‧tal

Noun

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hospital m (plural hospitales)

  1. hospital
    Synonym: nosocomio

Derived terms

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Descendants

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See also

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Further reading

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Swedish

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Swedish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sv

Etymology

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Borrowed from Medieval Latin hospitale, nominalisation of Latin hospitalis (hospitality).

Noun

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hospital n

  1. (archaic, 11th century) lodging for travelers
  2. (archaic, middle age) leprosarium; care facility for the leprous
    • 1844, Magnus Jacob Crusenstolpe, Morianen, eller Holstein-Gottorpiska huset i Sverige. Tidsbilder, började på fästningen. Sjette och sista delen[1], page 44:
      Hennes person kan liknas vid ett hospital, som utanpå är likt ett nymåladt palats, men hyser inom sig död, sjukdom och förskräckelse; []
      Her person may be likened to a leprosarium, which on the outside is like a newly painted palace, but harbors within it death, disease, and horror; []
  3. (archaic, 15th century) care facility for the elderly, disabled, and sick
    Synonym: helgeandshus
  4. (archaic, 19th century) mental hospital
    • 1835, Victor August Altén, “Jorden [Earth]”, in Dikter II, page 94:
      Mången tror den är ett hospital,
      då han ser så många dårar samla
      sig uti dess stora gästningssal,
      och, som blinda, kring dess väggar famla.
      Many believe it's a madhouse,
      when they see so many fools gather,
      in its large reception hall,
      and, like the blind, stumble around its walls.
    • 1843–1846, August Blanche, “En trappa upp och på nedra botten, eller Grosshandlaren och Klädmäklaren [1843]”, in Theater-stycken I[2], page 76:
      Hvar har ni fått de der idéerna ifrån? ni måtte ha rymt från något hospital i Frankrike?
      Where did you get those ideas from? you must have escaped from some mental institution in France?

Declension

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Declension of hospital 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative hospital hospitalet hospital hospitalen
Genitive hospitals hospitalets hospitals hospitalens

See also

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References

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