hospes

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic, an old compound of hostis and the root of potis. The only direct Indo-European cognate is Common Slavic *gospodь (lord, master), which would render the supposed Proto-Indo-European reconstruction as *gʰost(i)potis, a compound of *gʰóstis (whence hostis) and *pótis (whence potis).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hospes m (genitive hospitis); third declension

  1. host
  2. guest, visitor
  3. stranger; foreigner

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative hospes hospitēs
genitive hospitis hospitum
dative hospitī hospitibus
accusative hospitem hospitēs
ablative hospite hospitibus
vocative hospes hospitēs

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Michiel de Vaan (2008), Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, page 291