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U+5531, 唱
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5531

[U+5530]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5532]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
11 strokes
Stroke order
唱-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 30, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 口日日 (RAA), four-corner 66060, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 193, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3765
  • Dae Jaweon: page 414, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 640, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5531

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
唱-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tʰjaŋs): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *tʰjaŋ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chhiùⁿ/chhiòⁿ/chhiò/chhiàuⁿ - vernacular;
  • chhiàng, chhiòng - literary.
  • (Teochew)
    • Peng'im: cio3 / ciê3 / ciang3
    • Pe̍h-ōe-jī-like: tshiò / tshiè / tshiàng
    • Sinological IPA (key): /t͡sʰio²¹³/, /t͡sʰie²¹³/, /t͡sʰiaŋ²¹³/
Note:
  • cio3/ciê3 - vernacular (ciê3 - Chaozhou);
  • ciang3 - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰɑŋ⁵¹/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰaŋ⁵³/
    Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰɑŋ⁵³/
    /t͡sʰɑŋ⁵³/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰaŋ²¹/
    Qingdao /tʃʰaŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰaŋ³¹²/
    Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰaŋ⁴⁴/
    Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰɔ̃²¹³/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰɑŋ¹³/
    Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰɑ̃¹³/
    Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰɑŋ²¹³/
    Wuhan /t͡sʰaŋ³⁵/
    Chengdu /t͡sʰaŋ¹³/
    Guiyang /t͡sʰaŋ²¹³/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰã̠²¹²/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰaŋ⁴⁴/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰɑ̃⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰɒ̃⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰɑŋ³⁵/
    Hohhot /t͡sʰɑ̃⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰɑ̃³⁵/
    Suzhou /t͡sʰɑ̃⁵¹³/
    Hangzhou /t͡sʰɑŋ⁴⁴⁵/
    Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰi⁴²/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕia³²⁴/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiau⁴²/
    Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂʰan⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂʰɔn⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɔŋ²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰoŋ⁵³/
    Taoyuan /tʃʰoŋ⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰœŋ³³/
    Nanning /t͡sʰœŋ³³/
    Hong Kong /t͡sʰœŋ³³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiɔŋ²¹/
    /t͡sʰiũ²¹/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰuɔŋ²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰiɔŋ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiaŋ²¹³/
    /t͡sʰio²¹³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /saŋ³⁵/
    /sio³⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (24)
    Final () (105)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ɕʰɨɐŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡ɕʰiɐŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ɕʰiɑŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /cʰɨaŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ɕʰiaŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ɕʰĭaŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡ɕʰi̯aŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    chàng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    chàng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsyhangH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mə-tʰaŋ-s/
    English to lead (in singing)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 1257
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tʰjaŋs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to sing
        ―  chàng  ―  to sing a song
    2. to chant
    3. to call; to cry out
    4. song
    5. (literary) to advocate; to initiate
      自稱公子扶蘇天下 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
      自称公子扶苏天下 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
      From: The Records of the Grand Historian, by Sima Qian, circa 91 BCE
      Jīn chéng yǐ wúzhòng zhà zìchēng Gōngzǐ Fúsū, Xiàng Yàn, wéi tiānxià chàng, yí duō yìngzhě. [Pinyin]
      If we should indeed, at this moment, take advantage of our numbers, call ourselves the men of Prince Fusu and General Xiang Yan in pretense, and seize the initiative among the whole Empire, it is probable that many would spring into action in response.
    6. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. chant
    2. choir

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 부를 (bureul chang))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (xướng, xẳng, xang, sướng, xắng, xẵng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.