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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
唱-bw.png
Stroke order
唱-order.gif
Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
唱-seal.svg

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 口日日 (RAA), four-corner 66060, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 193, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3765
  • Dae Jaweon: page 414, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 640, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5531

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰɑŋ⁵¹/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰaŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰɑŋ⁵³/
/t͡sʰɑŋ⁵³/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰaŋ²¹/
Qingdao /tʃʰaŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰaŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰaŋ⁴⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰɔ̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰɑŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰɑ̃¹³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰɑŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡sʰaŋ³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sʰaŋ¹³/
Guiyang /t͡sʰaŋ²¹³/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰã̠²¹²/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰaŋ⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰɑ̃⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰɒ̃⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰɑŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡sʰɑ̃⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰɑ̃³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sʰɑ̃⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰɑŋ⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰi⁴²/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕia³²⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiau⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂʰan⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂʰɔn⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɔŋ²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰoŋ⁵³/
Taoyuan /tʃʰoŋ⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰœŋ³³/
Nanning /t͡sʰœŋ³³/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰœŋ³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiɔŋ²¹/
/t͡sʰiũ²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰuɔŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰiɔŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiaŋ²¹³/
/t͡sʰio²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /saŋ³⁵/
/sio³⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (24)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕʰɨɐŋH/ /t͡ɕʰi̯aŋH/ /t͡ɕʰiaŋH/ /t͡ɕʰiɐŋH/ /cʰɨaŋH/ /t͡ɕʰĭaŋH/ /t͡ɕʰiɑŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chàng ‹ tsyhangH › /*mə-tʰaŋ-s/ to lead (in singing)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1257 0 /*tʰjaŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to sing
  2. to chant

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. chant
  2. choir

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(chang) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ch'ang)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(xướng, xẳng, xang, sướng, xắng, xẵng)

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