national

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: National and național

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French national, corresponding to nation +‎ -al.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈnaʃn̩(ə)l/, /ˈnaʃn(ə)l/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈnæʃən(ə)l/, /ˈnæʃn(ə)l/
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

national (comparative more national, superlative most national)

  1. Pertaining to a nation or country, especially as a whole; affecting, shared by, or existing throughout all of a nation. [from 16th c.]
    • a national assembly · on the front page of every national newspaper
    • Import tariffs were raised for the national interest.
  2. Belonging to or characteristic of a specific nation or country, as opposed to others. [from 17th c.]
    • this is their national dish · our national tendency to laugh at the French
  3. (now rare) Nationalistic; patriotic. [from 17th c.]
    • 1791, James Boswell, Life of Johnson, Oxford 2008, p. 599:
      ‘Come, come, don't deny it: they are really national. Why, now, the Adams are as liberal-minded men as any in the world: but, I don't know how it is, all their workmen are Scotch.’

Usage notes[edit]

See nation for notes regarding the usage of national to refer to the UK and its member states.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

national (plural nationals)

  1. A subject of a nation.
    The diplomats were advised not to interact with any foreign nationals except on official duty.
  2. (usually in the plural) A tournament in which participants from all over the nation compete.
    After winning the regional tournament, the team advanced to the nationals.

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From New Latin nationalis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

national

  1. national, having to do with a particular country in opposition to other nations
    Antonym: international
  2. national, having to do with the whole and not only single parts of it
    Antonym: regional
  3. patriotic, having positive feelings for one's own nation

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of national
Positive Comparative Superlative
Common singular national 2
Neuter singular nationalt 2
Plural nationale 2
Definite attributive1 nationale
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

nation +‎ -al; cf. New Latin nationalis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

national (feminine singular nationale, masculine plural nationaux, feminine plural nationales)

  1. national

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Derived from Nation (nation) under the influence of French national.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˌnatsi̯oˈnaːl/, [ˌna.tsjoˈnaːl], /ˈnatsi̯oˌnaːl/, [ˈna.tsjoˌnaːl]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aːl

Adjective[edit]

national (comparative nationaler, superlative am nationalsten)

  1. national (being part of the national identity)
    eine nationale Traditiona national tradition
    die nationale Sprache (≈ die Nationalsprache)the national language
    nationale Eigenartennational characteristics
  2. national (of importance for, or to the benefit of the nation as a whole)
    nationale Belangenational interests
    eine nationale Katastrophea national catastrophe
    der nationale Dialogthe national dialogue
  3. nationwide, national (covering a country, as opposed to regional and international levels; see usage note below)
    nationale Parlamente (≈ Nationalparlamente)national parliaments
    auf nationaler Ebeneon the national level
    die nationale Gesetzgebungnational legislation
  4. (moderately) nationalist
    das nationale Lagerthe nationalist camp
    Sozialismus nationaler Prägungsocialism with a nationalist imprint

Usage notes[edit]

  • The comparative forms are infrequent.
  • German national in the sense of “nationwide” occurs chiefly in a political context, as shown in the examples above. Its use in other contexts is most often modeled on English usage: ein nationaler Gesangswettbewerb — a national singing competition. The more idiomatic German word is landesweit: ein landesweiter Gesangswettbewerb.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]