гражданин

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Church Slavonic гражданинъ (graždaninŭ), from Proto-Slavic *gorďaninъ. The modern meaning is a calque of French bourgeois.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

гра́жданин (gráždaninm (feminine гра́жданка, relational adjective гра́ждански)

  1. townsman, burgher (resident of a town, city)
  2. citizen (legal member of a state)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old Church Slavonic гражданинъ (graždaninŭ), from Proto-Slavic *gorďaninъ. Compare native горожа́нин (gorožánin), which was inherited from Old East Slavic. Related to го́род (górod, city).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ɡrəʐdɐˈnʲin]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: гра‧жда‧нин
  • Rhymes: -in

Noun[edit]

граждани́н (graždanínm anim (genitive граждани́на, nominative plural гра́ждане, genitive plural гра́ждан, feminine гражда́нка, relational adjective гражда́нский)

  1. citizen, national
    • November 24, 1917, Vladimir Ulyanov-Lenin, Yakov Sverdlov, Decree on the Abolition of Estates and Civil Ranks:
      Всякие звания (дворянина, купца, мещанина, крестьянина и пр., титулы — княжеские, графские и пр.) и наименование гражданских чинов (тайные, статские и проч. советники) уничтожаются и устанавливается одно общее для всего населения России наименование — граждан Российской Республики.
      Vsjakije zvanija (dvorjanina, kupca, meščanina, krestʹjanina i pr., tituly — knjažeskije, grafskije i pr.) i naimenovanije graždanskix činov (tajnyje, statskije i proč. sovetniki) uničtožajutsja i ustanavlivajetsja odno obščeje dlja vsevo naselenija Rossii naimenovanije — graždan Rossijskoj Respubliki.
      Any titles (nobleman, merchant, tradesman, peasant, etc., princely, county titles, etc.) and the name of civilian officials (secret, state and other advisers) are destroyed and one common name for the entire Russian population is established — citizens of the Russian Republic.
  2. (formal, law enforcement) sir, mister, Mr. (form of address used by a police officer towards a male civilian)
    Граждани́н, пройдёмте.Graždanín, projdjómte.Sir, you're going to have to come with me.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]