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Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch rike, rijc, from Old Dutch *rīki, from Proto-Germanic *rīkijaz (mighty), from *rīks, from Proto-Celtic *rīxs (king), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃rḗǵs (king).

Cognate with Low German rik, West Frisian ryk, German reich, English rich, Danish rig, Swedish rik, Gothic 𐍂𐌴𐌹𐌺𐌴𐌹𐍃 (reikeis). The Indo-European root is also the source of Latin rēx.


rijk (comparative rijker, superlative rijkst)

  1. rich
  2. wealthy
  3. abundant
Inflection of rijk
uninflected rijk
inflected rijke
comparative rijker
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial rijk rijker het rijkst
het rijkste
indefinite m./f. sing. rijke rijkere rijkste
n. sing. rijk rijker rijkste
plural rijke rijkere rijkste
definite rijke rijkere rijkste
partitive rijks rijkers
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Dutch rike, from Old Dutch rīki, from Proto-Germanic *rīkiją (realm), from Proto-Celtic *rīgiom (kingdom), from *rīxs (king) (compare Irish ), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃rḗǵs (king). Cognates include West Frisian ryk, German Reich, obsolete English riche, Danish rige, Swedish rike, Gothic 𐍂𐌴𐌹𐌺𐌹 (reiki). The Indo-European root is also the source of Latin rēx.


rijk n (plural rijken, diminutive rijkje n)

  1. realm, kingdom
  2. empire
  3. state
Derived terms[edit]