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Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch rike, rijc, from Old Dutch *rīki, from Proto-Germanic *rīkijaz ‎(mighty), from *rīks, from Proto-Celtic *rīxs ‎(king), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃rḗǵs ‎(king).

Cognate with Low German rik, West Frisian ryk, German reich, English rich, Danish rig, Swedish rik, Gothic 𐍂𐌴𐌹𐌺𐌴𐌹𐍃 ‎(reikeis). The Indo-European root is also the source of Latin rēx.


rijk ‎(comparative rijker, superlative rijkst)

  1. rich
  2. wealthy
  3. abundant
Inflection of rijk
uninflected rijk
inflected rijke
comparative rijker
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial rijk rijker het rijkst
het rijkste
indefinite m./f. sing. rijke rijkere rijkste
n. sing. rijk rijker rijkste
plural rijke rijkere rijkste
definite rijke rijkere rijkste
partitive rijks rijkers
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Dutch rike, from Old Dutch rīki, from Proto-Germanic *rīkiją ‎(realm), from Proto-Celtic *rīgiom ‎(kingdom), from *rīxs ‎(king) (compare Irish ), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃rḗǵs ‎(king). Cognates include West Frisian ryk, German Reich, obsolete English riche, Danish rige, Swedish rike, Gothic 𐍂𐌴𐌹𐌺𐌹 ‎(reiki). The Indo-European root is also the source of Latin rēx.


rijk n ‎(plural rijken, diminutive rijkje n)

  1. realm, kingdom
  2. empire
  3. state
Derived terms[edit]