blank

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See also: Blank and blänk

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English blank, blonc, blaunc, blaunche, from Anglo-Norman blonc, blaunc, blaunche, from Old French blanc, feminine blanche, from Frankish *blank (gleaming, white, blinding), from Proto-Germanic *blankaz (white, bright, blinding), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰleyǵ- (to shine). Akin to Old High German blanch (shining, bright, white) (German blank), Old English blanc (white, grey), blanca (white steed), Spanish blanco. More at blink, blind, blanch. Doublet of blanc.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /blæŋk/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æŋk

Adjective[edit]

blank (comparative blanker or more blank, superlative blankest or most blank)

  1. (archaic) White or pale; without colour.
  2. Free from writing, printing, or marks; having an empty space to be filled in
    blank paper
    a blank check
    a blank ballot
    a blank CD
    • 2011 December 27, Mike Henson, “Norwich 0 - 2 Tottenham”, in BBC Sport[1]:
      Referee Michael Oliver failed to detect a foul in a crowded box and the Canaries escaped down the tunnel with the scoreline still blank.
  3. (figuratively) Lacking characteristics which give variety; uniform.
    a blank desert; a blank wall; blank unconsciousness
  4. Absolute; downright; sheer.
    There was a look of blank terror on his face.
    a blank refusal to cooperate
  5. Without expression, usually due to incomprehension.
    Failing to understand the question, he gave me a blank stare.
  6. Utterly confounded or discomfited.
  7. Empty; void; without result; fruitless.
    a blank day
  8. Devoid of thoughts, memory, or inspiration.
    The shock left his memory blank.
  9. (military) Of ammunition: having propellant but no bullets; unbulleted.
    The recruits were issued with blank rounds for a training exercise.

Descendants[edit]

  • Belizean Creole: blank

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

blank (plural blanks)

  1. (archaic, historical, obsolete) A small French coin, originally of silver, afterwards of copper, worth 5 deniers; also a silver coin of Henry V current in the parts of France then held by the English, worth about 8 pence [15th–17th century].
  2. (obsolete) A nonplus [16th century].
  3. The white spot in the centre of a target; hence (figuratively) the object to which anything is directed or aimed, the range of such aim [since the 16th century].
  4. A lot by which nothing is gained; a ticket in a lottery on which no prize is indicated [since the 16th century].
  5. An empty space; a void, for example on a paper [since the 16th century].
    1. A space to be filled in on a form or template.
      Write your answers in the blanks.
    2. Provisional words printed in italics (instead of blank spaces) in a bill before Parliament, being matters of practical detail, of which the final form will be settled in Committee [since the 19th century].
  6. (now chiefly US) A document, paper, or form with spaces left blank to be filled up at the pleasure of the person to whom it is given (e.g. a blank charter, ballot, form, contract, etc.), or as the event may determine; a blank form [since the 16th century].
    • 1859, John Gorham Palfrey, History of New England[4], volume 1:
      [] and the freemen signified their approbation by an inscribed vote, and their dissent by a blank.
    1. An empty form without substance; anything insignificant; nothing at all [since the 17th century].
    2. An unprinted leaf of a book [20th century].
  7. (literature) Blank verse [since the 16th century].
  8. (mechanics, engineering) A piece of metal (such as a coin, screw, nuts), cut and shaped to the required size of the thing to be made, and ready for the finishing operations; (coining) the disc of metal before stamping [since the 16th century].
    1. Any article of glass on which subsequent processing is required [since the 19th century].
    2. (electric recording) The shaved wax ready for placing on a recording machine for making wax records with a stylus [20th century].
  9. (figuratively) A vacant space, place, or period; a void [since the 17th century].
  10. The 1 / 230400 of a grain [17th century].
  11. An empty space in one's memory; a forgotten item or memory [since the 18th century].
    • 1736, Jonathan Swift, Letters[5]:
      My head is so ill that I cannot write a paper full as I used to do; and yet I will not forgive a blank of half an inch from you.
    • 1818, Henry Hallam, View of the State of Europe During the Middle Ages[6]:
      From this time there ensues a long blank in the history of French legislation.
    • 1863, George Eliot, Romola[7]:
      “I was ill. I can't tell how long — it was a blank. []
  12. A dash written in place of an omitted letter or word [since the 18th century]
  13. The space character; the character resulting from pressing the space-bar on a keyboard.
  14. (dominoes) A domino without points on one or both of its divisions.
    the double blank
    the six blank
  15. (firearms) Short for blank cartridge. [since the 19th century].
    It was an unloaded gun that fired only blanks.
  16. (figuratively, in the expression ‘shooting blanks’, sports) An ineffective effort which achieves nothing [since the 20th century].
    1. (chemistry) A sample for a control experiment that does not contain any of the analyte of interest, in order to deliberately produce a non-detection to verify that a detection is distinguishable from it.
    2. (slang) Infertile semen.

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

blank (third-person singular simple present blanks, present participle blanking, simple past and past participle blanked)

  1. (transitive) To make void; to erase.
    I blanked out my previous entry.
  2. (transitive, slang) To ignore (a person) deliberately.
    She blanked me for no reason.
  3. (transitive, aviation, of a control surface) To render ineffective by blanketing with turbulent airflow, such as from aircraft wake or reverse thrust.
    At high angles of attack, the shuttle's rudder is blanked by the fuselage and wings, forcing it to use its RCS thrusters for yaw control.
  4. (transitive) To prevent from scoring; for example, in a sporting event.
    The team was blanked.
    England blanks Wales to advance to the final.
  5. (intransitive) To become blank.
    • 2007 February 14, NASA, “4.5.2 Two-Engine-Out Contingency Software Termination”, in Contingency Aborts 21007/31007[8], archived from the original on 8 March 2022, retrieved 15 April 2022, page 45:
      In OPS 6, the 2 EO color field does blank at SSME fine count. Once in fine count in route to an RTLS MECO, the energy state is such that one engine can carry the orbiter though powered pitch-down to a healthy MECO condition with standard RTLS guidance.
  6. (intransitive) To be temporarily unable to remember.
    I'm blanking on her name right now.

Usage notes[edit]

Translations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Terms derived from the adjective, noun, or verb blank

Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch blank.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

blank (attributive blanke, comparative blanker, superlative blankste)

  1. white
  2. White; Caucasian

Antonyms[edit]


Dalmatian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

blank m (plural blanke, feminine blanka)

  1. Alternative form of blanc

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German blank, from Old Saxon blank, from Proto-West Germanic *blank.

Adjective[edit]

blank

  1. shiny, reflective, glossy
    Antonym: mat
  2. (of e.g. paper) empty, blank, bearing no inscription or drawings
  3. direct, without circumvention or additions
    • 2023 January 17, Malte Bruhn, Altinget[9]:
      “En samlet opposition siger blankt nej til regeringens adgangsbillet til forsvarsforlig.”
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  4. (colloquial) broke (without money)
    Synonym: flad
  5. (colloquial) ignorant, clueless

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of blank
Positive Comparative Superlative
Common singular blank blankere blankest2
Neuter singular blankt blankere blankest2
Plural blanke blankere blankest2
Definite attributive1 blanke blankere blankeste
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.

References[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch blanc, from Old Dutch *blank, from Proto-West Germanic *blank, from Proto-Germanic *blankaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

blank (comparative blanker, superlative blankst)

  1. white, pale
  2. white (having a light skin tone)

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of blank
uninflected blank
inflected blanke
comparative blanker
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial blank blanker het blankst
het blankste
indefinite m./f. sing. blanke blankere blankste
n. sing. blank blanker blankste
plural blanke blankere blankste
definite blanke blankere blankste
partitive blanks blankers

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German blanc, from Old High German blanc (shining, bright), from Proto-West Germanic *blank. Doublet of Plenk.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

blank (strong nominative masculine singular blanker, comparative blanker, superlative am blanksten)

  1. (archaic) bright
  2. spotlessly clean; shining; polished
    Du musst die Platte blank scheuern.
    You must rub the platter until it is shining.
  3. bare; naked; uncovered
    mit blankem Hinternwith one’s behind uncovered
  4. pure; sheer
    Blanke Wut packte ihn.
    Sheer anger seized him.
  5. (colloquial) broke; out of money
  6. (card games) being a player’s last one of a respective grouping of cards (which means that the card is unprotected when the player must follow suit in trick-taking games)
    Hätte ich Trumpf ausgespielt, wäre mein Fuchs blank gewesen.
    If I had played trump, my “fox” [ace of diamonds in Doppelkopf] would have been my last trump card.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German blank.

Adjective[edit]

blank (masculine and feminine blank, neuter blankt, definite singular and plural blanke, comparative blankere, indefinite superlative blankest, definite superlative blankeste)

  1. glossy, shining, shiny
  2. bright, clear, glittering, sunny
  3. blank (e.g. cheque, paper, mind)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

blank (neuter blankt, definite singular and plural blanke, comparative blankare, indefinite superlative blankast, definite superlative blankaste)

  1. shiny, reflective
    Dei pussa sølvtøyet så det vart blankt.
    They shined the silver until it was shiny.
  2. exactly, point zero (of time)
    Han sprang 100 meter på ti blank.
    He ran 100 meters in ten point zero seconds.
  3. blank, empty
    Ho gav dottera eit blankt ark til å teikna på.
    She gave her daughter a blank piece of paper to draw on.
  4. without knowledge about something
    Eg er heilt blank om dette temaet.
    I know nothing about this subject.

References[edit]


Plautdietsch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German blank, from Old Saxon blank, from Proto-West Germanic *blank.

Adjective[edit]

blank

  1. shiny, lustrous, glittering

Silesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German blank, from Middle High German blanc, from Old High German blanc, from Proto-West Germanic *blank.

Adverb[edit]

blank

  1. completely, entirely, wholly

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German blank, from Old Saxon blank, from Proto-West Germanic *blank. Displaced native Swedish black, from Old Norse blakkr.

Adjective[edit]

blank (comparative blankare, superlative blankast)

  1. reflective, shiny
  2. smooth
  3. (in some expressions) unequivocal
    Jag säger blankt nej
    I reject it absolutely

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of blank
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular blank blankare blankast
Neuter singular blankt blankare blankast
Plural blanka blankare blankast
Masculine plural3 blanke blankare blankast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 blanke blankare blankaste
All blanka blankare blankaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.
3) Dated or archaic

References[edit]