lapse

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See also: läpse

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French laps, from Latin lapsus, from labi(to slip).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lapse ‎(plural lapses)

  1. A temporary failure; a slip.
    • 1735, John Rogers, Nineteen Sermons on several occasions, London: W. Innys and R. Manby, OCLC 85881066, page 108:
      Now, tho’ this Scripture may be usefully understood and apply’d by us as a Caution to guard against those Lapses and Failings to which our Infirmities daily expose us
  2. A decline or fall in standards.
    • 1751 September 10, Samuel Johnson, “No. CLV”, in The Rambler, OCLC 29126588:
      The lapse to indolence is soft and imperceptible, because it is only a mere cessation of activity
  3. A pause in continuity.
  4. An interval of time between events.
    • 1860, Isaac Taylor, Ultimate Civilization and Other Essays, London: Bell and Daldy, OCLC 6077058, page 309:
      Bacon was content to wait the lapse of long centuries for his expected revenue of fame
  5. A termination of a right etc, through disuse or neglect.
  6. (meteorology) A marked decrease in air temperature with increasing altitude because the ground is warmer than the surrounding air.
  7. (law) A common-law rule that if the person to whom property is willed were to die before the testator, then the gift would be ineffective.
  8. (theology) A fall or apostasy.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

lapse ‎(third-person singular simple present lapses, present participle lapsing, simple past and past participle lapsed)

  1. (intransitive) To fall away gradually; to subside.
    • 1841, Jonathan Swift, “A letter to the Lord High Treasurer”, in The Works of Jonathan Swift, London: Henry Washbourne, OCLC 10447395, page 288:
      This perpetual disposition to shorten our words by retrenching the vowels, is nothing else but a tendency to lapse into the barbarity of those northern nations from whom we are descended
    • Addison
      Homer, in his characters of Vulcan and Thersites, has lapsed into the burlesque character.
  2. (intransitive) To fall into error or heresy.
    • Shakespeare
      To lapse in fullness / Is sorer than to lie for need.
  3. To slip into a bad habit that one is trying to avoid.
  4. (intransitive) To become void.
  5. To fall or pass from one proprietor to another, or from the original destination, by the omission, negligence, or failure of somebody, such as a patron or legatee.
    • Ayliffe
      If the archbishop shall not fill it up within six months ensuing, it lapses to the king.

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Noun[edit]

lapse c

  1. plural indefinite of laps

Estonian[edit]

Noun[edit]

lapse

  1. Genitive singular form of laps.

Latin[edit]

Participle[edit]

lāpse

  1. vocative masculine singular of lāpsus