bruin

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch bruin (brown) via William Caxton's 1485 translation of a Dutch version of the legend of Reynard the Fox. Bruin is the bear, named for his brown color.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bruin (plural bruins)

  1. A folk name for a bear, especially the brown bear, Ursus arctos.
    • 1989, Keith Bosley, translating Elias Lönnrot, The Kalevala, XVII:
      The mother sought the one gone / astray, for the lost she longs: / she ran great swamps as a wolf / trod the wilds as a bruin / waters as an otter roamed […].

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch bruin.

Adjective[edit]

bruin (attributive bruine, comparative bruiner, superlative bruinste)

  1. brown

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch bruun, from Old Dutch *brūn, from Proto-Germanic *brūnaz.

Adjective[edit]

bruin (comparative bruiner, superlative bruinst)

  1. brown
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of bruin
uninflected bruin
inflected bruine
comparative bruiner
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial bruin bruiner het bruinst
het bruinste
indefinite m./f. sing. bruine bruinere bruinste
n. sing. bruin bruiner bruinste
plural bruine bruinere bruinste
definite bruine bruinere bruinste
partitive bruins bruiners
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the adjective bruin.

Noun[edit]

bruin n (uncountable)

  1. the color brown
    Het bruin van de stam contrasteerde fel met het groen van de bladeren.
    The brown color of the trunk contrasted sharply with the green color of the leaves.

Noun[edit]

bruin c (uncountable)

  1. (slang) heroin
    Mijn god, zit ie aan de bruin?My god, is he on heroin?
Usage notes[edit]

The expression aan de bruin zijn is used for the addiction to heroin only, not for individual shots.

See also[edit]

Colors in Dutch · kleuren (layout · text)
     wit      grijs      zwart      bruin
             roze              rood, karmijnrood              oranje              geel, roomwit
             groengeel/limoengroen              groen              {{{mint green}}}, {{{dark green}}}              blauwgroen/cyaan, groenblauw/petrolblauw
             azuurblauw              blauw              violet, indigo              magenta, paars