tom

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From generic use of the proper name Tom.

Noun[edit]

tom ‎(plural toms)

  1. The male of the domesticated cat.
  2. The male of the turkey.
  3. The male of certain other animals.
  4. (Britain, slang) A prostitute.
  5. (music) A type of drum.
  6. (obsolete) The jack of trumps in the card game gleek.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Shortened from tomato

Noun[edit]

tom ‎(plural toms)

  1. (Britain, greengrocers' slang) A tomato (the fruit).
    Toms 90p a pound

Etymology 3[edit]

Rhyming slang from tomfoolery.

Noun[edit]

tom ‎(uncountable)

  1. (Cockney rhyming slang) jewellery

Etymology 4[edit]

From Uncle Tom.

Verb[edit]

tom ‎(third-person singular simple present toms, present participle tomming, simple past and past participle tommed)

  1. (intransitive, derogatory, of a black person) To act in an obsequiously servile manner toward white authority.

Etymology 5[edit]

Verb[edit]

tom ‎(third-person singular simple present toms, present participle tomming, simple past and past participle tommed)

  1. (nautical) To dig out a hole below the hatch cover of a bulker and fill it with cargo or weights to aid stability.

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse tómr.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /tɔm/, [tˢʌmˀ]

Adjective[edit]

tom

  1. empty

Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish tom ‎(bush, tuft; hillock, knoll).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Cois Fharraige) IPA(key): /t̪ˠuːmˠ/

Noun[edit]

tom m ‎(genitive singular toim, nominative plural toim or tomacha)

  1. bush, shrub
  2. clump, tuft, tussock
Declension[edit]
  • Alternative plural: tomacha (Cois Fharraige)
Synonyms[edit]
  • (bush, shrub): tor
Derived terms[edit]
  • tomach ‎(bushy; tufted)

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

tom m ‎(genitive singular toma, nominative plural tomanna)

  1. Alternative form of taom ‎(fit, paroxysm)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

tom ‎(present analytic tomann, future analytic tomfaidh, verbal noun tomadh, past participle tomtha)

  1. Alternative form of tum ‎(dip, immerse)
Conjugation[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
tom thom dtom
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

tom

  1. locative masculine singular of ten
  2. locative neuter singular of ten

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse tómr

Adjective[edit]

tom ‎(neuter singular tomt, definite singular and plural tomme, comparative tommere, indefinite superlative tommest, definite superlative tommeste)

  1. empty

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse tómr

Adjective[edit]

tom ‎(neuter singular tomt, definite singular and plural tomme, comparative tommare, indefinite superlative tommast, definite superlative tommaste)

  1. empty

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Oksapmin[edit]

Noun[edit]

tom

  1. water

Reference[edit]


Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *tōmaz ‎(empty). Akin to Old Norse tómr ‎(empty), whence Icelandic tómur ‎(empty).

Adjective[edit]

tōm

  1. empty
  2. (figuratively) free from

Descendents[edit]


Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tom m inan

  1. volume (single book of a publication issued in multi-book format)

Declension[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese *tõo, from Latin tonus, from Ancient Greek τόνος ‎(tónos, tone), from τείνω ‎(teínō, I stretch). Compare Spanish tono.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /tõ/
  • Hyphenation: tom

Noun[edit]

tom m (plural tons)

  1. tone (property of sound determined by the frequency)

See also[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tom m ‎(genitive singular tuim, plural toman or tomannan)

  1. round hillock or knoll, rising ground, swell, green eminence
  2. any round heap
  3. tuft of anything
  4. bush, thicket
  5. anthill
  6. (Islay) stool
  7. volume of a book
  8. bank
  9. grave
  10. (medicine, rare) the plague
  11. conical knoll

Slovene[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tóm m inan ‎(genitive tóma, nominative plural tómi)

  1. tome

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse tómr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

tom

  1. empty
    tomma tunnor skramlar mest
    empty barrels make the most noise (those who complain most vigorously, are the least important)
Declension[edit]
Inflection of tom
Indefinite/attributive Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular tom tommare tommast
Neuter singular tomt tommare tommast
Plural tomma tommare tommast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 tomme tommare tommaste
All tomma tommare tommaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in an attributive role.
Related terms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Used in Swedish since 1697. From French tome, Latin tomus ‎(section of larger work), from Ancient Greek τόμος ‎(tómos, section, roll of papyrus, volume), from τέμνω ‎(témnō, I cut, separate). Cognate with English tome.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tom c

  1. a tome, a volume in a series of books, a (thick) book
Declension[edit]
Inflection of tom 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative tom tomen tomer tomerna
Genitive toms tomens tomers tomernas
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Zuni[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

tom

  1. Second person singular possessive (medial position)
    your
  2. Second person singular object
    you

Related terms[edit]