Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/tewh₂-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*tewh₂-

  1. to swell
  2. to crowd
  3. to be strong

Extensions[edit]

  • *tewh₂-bʰ-
    • *téwh₂-bʰ-os ~ *tuh₂-bʰ-és-
    • *túh₂-bʰ-eh₂
    • *téwh₂-bʰ-Hō ~ *tuh₂-bʰ-Hnés
      • Germanic: *þūbǭ
        • Old Norse: þúfa (mound) (see there for further descendants)
  • >? *tuh₂-m-, ? *tum-
    • *tuh₂m-on-
      • >? Germanic: *þūmô (see there for further descendants)
  • *tuh₂-r-
    • *tuh₂-r-g-

Derived terms[edit]

  • *towh₂-éye-ti (causative)
  • *téwh₂-ti (athematic root present)
    • Balto-Slavic: [Term?]
      • Slavic: *tỳti (to become fat, gain weight) (see there for further descendants)
    • Indo-Iranian: *táHuti (with laryngeal metathesis?)
  • *tḗwh₂-s ~ *téwh₂-s (root noun)
    • *téwh₂s-ih₂
      • Indo-Iranian: *táwHsiH (strength, power) (see there for further descendants)
  • *tḗwh₂-ō ~ *tuh₂-nés
  • *túh₂-lo-
    • Albanian: [Term?]
      • Albanian: tul (flesh, pulp; crumb)
    • Balto-Slavic: [Term?]
      • Lithuanian: tū́las (several)
      • Old Prussian: tūlan (much)
      • Slavic: *tỳlъ (occiput, nape) (see there for further descendants)
    • Celtic: [Term?]
      • Brythonic: [Term?]
        • Middle Welsh: twl
          • Welsh: twl (round elevation)
    • >? Hellenic: *tū́los
    • >? Indo-Iranian: *túHlas
    • >? Italic: [Term?]
      • >? Latin: tullius (gushing water, waterfall), ? Tullus, Tullius (if not Etruscan) (see there for further descendants)
  • *te-tuh₂-lo-
  • *tuh₂-mn̥-to-m or *towh₂-e-mn̥-to-m < *towh₂-éye-ti?
  • *ti-tuh₂-o-s
    • Hellenic: [Term?]
      • Ancient Greek: Τιτυός (Tituós) (see there for further descendants)
  • *tuh₂-to-s or *towh₂-e-to- < *towh₂-éye-ti?
    • Italic: *tōtos
      • Latin: tōtus (see there for further descendants)
  • *tweh₂- (schwebeablaut variant)
    • *tweh₂-lo- or *tuh₂-elo-?
      • Hellenic: *twálos > *tsálos
        • Ancient Greek: σάλος (sálos) (see there for further descendants)
    • *tweh₂-wo-
    • *twoh₂-ro-
      • Hellenic: *twōrós > *tsōrós
        • Ancient Greek: σωρός (sōrós) (see there for further descendants)
    • *twóh₂-mn̥
      • Hellenic: *twṓmə > *tsṓmə
        • Ancient Greek: σῶμα (sôma) (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Indo-Iranian: [Term?]
      • Iranian: [Term?]
        • Persian: توان(tavān, power, ability)
    • Indo-Iranian: [Term?]

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) , “tucca”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 646