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The origin is uncertain, but perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *turH-ǵ-, from Proto-Indo-European *tewh₂- (to swell). Compare Old Armenian թուրծ (tʿurc, cheek).



turgeō (present infinitive turgēre, perfect active tursī); second conjugation, no passive

  1. I am swollen, swell out.
  2. (figuratively) I swell (with rage); I am enraged.
  3. (figuratively, of speech) I am inflated or bombastic.


   Conjugation of turgeo (second conjugation, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present turgeō turgēs turget turgēmus turgētis turgent
imperfect turgēbam turgēbās turgēbat turgēbāmus turgēbātis turgēbant
future turgēbō turgēbis turgēbit turgēbimus turgēbitis turgēbunt
perfect tursī tursistī tursit tursimus tursistis tursērunt, tursēre
pluperfect turseram turserās turserat turserāmus turserātis turserant
future perfect turserō turseris turserit turserimus turseritis turserint
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present turgeam turgeās turgeat turgeāmus turgeātis turgeant
imperfect turgērem turgērēs turgēret turgērēmus turgērētis turgērent
perfect turserim turserīs turserit turserīmus turserītis turserint
pluperfect tursissem tursissēs tursisset tursissēmus tursissētis tursissent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present turgē turgēte
future turgētō turgētō turgētōte turgentō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives turgēre tursisse
participles turgēns
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
turgēre turgendī turgendō turgendum


Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]



  • turgeo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • turgeo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • turgeo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette