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From Proto-Indo-European *tum-éh₁- (to be swelling), stative stem of *tum- (to swell), from Proto-Indo-European *tewh₂- (to swell). Cognates include Latin tūber, Sanskrit तुम्र (túmra, big, strong) and तूतुम (tūtumá, strong, effective), Proto-Germanic *þūmô (whence English thumb), and Lithuanian tumė́ti (to become thick).



tumeō (present infinitive tumēre); second conjugation, no perfect or supine forms

  1. I am swollen, turgid, distended, puffed out or inflated, I swell.
  2. (figuratively) I am excited or violent, ready to burst forth.
  3. (figuratively) I am puffed out or inflated with pride.
  4. (figuratively, of speech or writing) I am turgid, pompous or bombastic.


   Conjugation of tumeo (second conjugation, defective, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present tumeō tumēs tumet tumēmus tumētis tument
imperfect tumēbam tumēbās tumēbat tumēbāmus tumēbātis tumēbant
future tumēbō tumēbis tumēbit tumēbimus tumēbitis tumēbunt
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present tumeam tumeās tumeat tumeāmus tumeātis tumeant
imperfect tumērem tumērēs tumēret tumērēmus tumērētis tumērent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present tumē tumēte
future tumētō tumētō tumētōte tumentō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives tumēre
participles tumēns
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
tumēre tumendī tumendō tumendum


Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • tumeo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • tumeo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • tumeo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 633