From Middle English bush, from Old English busċ, *bysċ (“copse, grove, scrub”, in placenames), from Proto-West Germanic *busk, from Proto-Germanic *buskaz (“bush, thicket”), probably from Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH- (“to grow”).
Cognate with West Frisian bosk (“forest”), Dutch bos (“forest”), German Busch (“bush”), Danish and Norwegian busk (“bush, shrub”), Swedish buske (“bush, shrub”), Persian بیشه (biše, “woods”). Latin and Romance forms (Latin boscus, Occitan bòsc, French bois, bûche and buisson, Italian bosco and boscaglia, Spanish bosque, Portuguese bosque) derive from the Germanic. The sense 'pubic hair' was first attested in 1745.
bush (plural bushes)
- (horticulture) A woody plant distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and lower height, being usually less than six metres tall; a horticultural rather than strictly botanical category.
- 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
- I stumbled along through the young pines and huckleberry bushes. Pretty soon I struck into a sort of path that, I cal'lated, might lead to the road I was hunting for. It twisted and turned, and, the first thing I knew, made a sudden bend around a bunch of bayberry scrub and opened out into a big clear space like a lawn.
- A shrub cut off, or a shrublike branch of a tree.
- bushes to support pea vines
- (historical) A shrub or branch, properly, a branch of ivy (sacred to Bacchus), hung out at vintners' doors, or as a tavern sign; hence, a tavern sign, and symbolically, the tavern itself.
- c. 1598–1600, William Shakespeare, “As You Like It”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act V, scene iv]:
- If it be true that good wine needs no bush, 'tis true that a good play needs no epilogue.
- 1837, Letitia Elizabeth Landon, Ethel Churchill, volume 2, page 31:
- "Well," replied Lady Mary, "who is to know where good wine is sold, unless you hang out the bush."
- (slang, vulgar) A person's pubic hair, especially a woman's.
- 1749, [John Cleland], “(Please specify the letter or volume)”, in Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure [Fanny Hill], London: […] G. Fenton [i.e., Fenton and Ralph Griffiths] […], OCLC 731622352:
- As he stood on one side, unbuttoning his waistcoat and breeches, her fat brawny thighs hung down, and the whole greasy landscape lay fairly open to my view; a wide open mouthed gap, overshaded with a grizzly bush, seemed held out like a beggar′s wallet for its provision.
- 1982, Lawrence Durrell, Constance, Faber & Faber 2004 (Avignon Quintet), p. 787:
- But no, the little pool of semen was there, proof positive, with droplets caught hanging in her bush.
- 2002, “The Seed (2.0)”, in Phrenology, performed by The Roots:
- I push my seed in her bush for life / It's gonna work because I'm pushing it right
- (hunting) The tail, or brush, of a fox.
- (intransitive) To branch thickly in the manner of a bush.
- To set bushes for; to support with bushes.
- to bush peas
- To use a bush harrow on (land), for covering seeds sown; to harrow with a bush.
- to bush a piece of land; to bush seeds into the ground
- To become bushy (often used with up).
- I can tell when my cat is upset because he'll bush up his tail.
From the sign of a bush usually employed to indicate such places.
bush (plural bushes)
From older Dutch bosch (modern bos (“wood, forest”)), first appearing in the Dutch colonies to designate an uncleared district of a colony, and thence adopted in British colonies as bush. Could alternatively be interpreted as a semantic loan, as bush (etymology 1) is cognate to the aforementioned archaic Dutch bosch.
- (often with "the") Tracts of land covered in natural vegetation that are largely undeveloped and uncultivated.
- 1899 February, Joseph Conrad, “The Heart of Darkness”, in Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine, volume CLXV, number M, New York, N.Y.: The Leonard Scott Publishing Company, […], OCLC 1042815524, part I, page 199:
- Mad terror had scattered them, men, women, and children, through the bush, and they had never returned.
- (Australia) The countryside area of Australia that is less arid and less remote than the outback; loosely, areas of natural flora even within conurbations.
- 2000, Robert Holden; Paul Cliff; Jack Bedson, The Endless Playground: Celebrating Australian Childhood, page 16:
- The theme of children lost in the bush is a well-worked one in Australian art and literature.
- 2021 September 6, “Australian farmers under pressure from climate change”, in Australian Herald:
- The findings of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change suggest Australia may have to jettison tracts of the bush unless there is a massive investment in climate-change adaptation and planning.
- (New Zealand) An area of New Zealand covered in forest, especially native forest.
- (Canada) The wild forested areas of Canada; upcountry.
- (Canada) A woodlot or bluff on a farm.
- Alaskan bush
- bush ague
- bush aircraft
- bush airline
- bush bread
- bush buggy
- bush camp
- bush clearing
- bush coat
- bush company
- bush country
- bush cowboy
- bush fever
- bush fire
- bush flier, bush flyer
- bush flying
- bush gang
- bush horse
- bush Indian
- bush lawyer
- bush lore
- bush lot
- bush mail
- (Canadian): bushman
- bush meat, bushmeat
- bush partridge
- bush party
- bush people
- bush pilot
- bush plane
- bush rabbit
- bush ranch
- bush ranching
- bushranger, bush-ranger
- bush rat
- bush road
- bush searcher
- bush tavern
- bush tea
- bush telegraph
- bush trail
- bush tucker
- bush warbler
- bush week
- go bush
- send bush
- sugar bush
- take to the bush
bush (not comparable)
- (Australia) Towards the direction of the outback.
- On hatching, the chicks scramble to the surface and head bush on their own.
- (colloquial) Not skilled; not professional; not major league.
- They're supposed to be a major league team, but so far they've been bush.
bush (plural bushes)
- A thick washer or hollow cylinder of metal.
- A mechanical attachment, usually a metallic socket with a screw thread, such as the mechanism by which a camera is attached to a tripod stand.
- A piece of copper, screwed into a gun, through which the venthole is bored.
- (washer or cylinder): bushing
- reducing bush
(trajta të pashquara)
|definite forms |
(trajta të shquara)
bush (plural bushongo)
Sadaf Munshi (2015), “Word Lists”, in Burushaski Language Documentation Project.
bush (plural bushes)
- bush (low-lying plant)