bush

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English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

A bush (woody plant)

From Middle English busch, busshe, from Old English busc, bysc (copse, grove, scrub, in placenames), from Proto-Germanic *buskaz (bush, thicket), probably from Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH- (to grow). Cognate with West Frisian bosk (woods), Dutch bos (woods), German Busch (bush), Danish busk (bush, shrub), Swedish buske (bush, shrub), Persian بیشه (woods). Latin and Romance forms (Latin boscus, Occitan bòsc, French bois and buisson, Italian bosco and boscaglia, Spanish bosque, Portuguese bosque) derive from the Germanic. The sense 'pubic hair' was first attested in 1745.

Noun[edit]

bush (plural bushes)

  1. (horticulture) A woody plant distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and lower height, being usually less than six metres tall; a horticultural rather than strictly botanical category.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      I stumbled along through the young pines and huckleberry bushes. Pretty soon I struck into a sort of path that, I cal'lated, might lead to the road I was hunting for. It twisted and turned, and, the first thing I knew, made a sudden bend around a bunch of bayberry scrub and opened out into a big clear space like a lawn.
  2. (slang) A person's pubic hair, especially a woman's; loosely, a woman's vulva.
    • 1749, John Cleland, Memoirs Of Fanny Hill, Gutenberg eBook #25305,
      As he stood on one side, unbuttoning his waistcoat and breeches, her fat brawny thighs hung down, and the whole greasy landscape lay fairly open to my view; a wide open mouthed gap, overshaded with a grizzly bush, seemed held out like a beggar′s wallet for its provision.
    • 1982, Lawrence Durrell, Constance, Faber & Faber 2004 (Avignon Quintet), p. 787:
      But no, the little pool of semen was there, proof positive, with droplets caught hanging in her bush.
  3. A shrub cut off, or a shrublike branch of a tree.
    bushes to support pea vines
  4. A shrub or branch, properly, a branch of ivy (sacred to Bacchus), hung out at vintners' doors, or as a tavern sign; hence, a tavern sign, and symbolically, the tavern itself.
    • William Shakespeare
      If it be true that good wine needs no bush, 'tis true that a good play needs no epilogue.
  5. (hunting) The tail, or brush, of a fox.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

bush (third-person singular simple present bushes, present participle bushing, simple past and past participle bushed)

  1. (intransitive) To branch thickly in the manner of a bush.
    • 1726, Homer, Alexander Pope (translator), The Odyssey, 1839, Samuel Johnson (editor), The Poetical Works of Alexander Pope, Esq., page 404,
      Around it, and above, for ever green, / The bushing alders form'd a shady scene.
  2. To set bushes for; to support with bushes.
    to bush peas
  3. To use a bush harrow on (land), for covering seeds sown; to harrow with a bush.
    to bush a piece of land; to bush seeds into the ground

Etymology 2[edit]

From the sign of a bush usually employed to indicate such places.

Noun[edit]

bush (plural bushes)

  1. (archaic) A tavern or wine merchant.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle Dutch bosch (modern bos) ("wood, forest"), first appearing in the Dutch colonies to designate an uncleared district of a colony, and thence adopted in British colonies as bush.

Noun[edit]

bush (countable and uncountable, plural bushes)

  1. (often with "the") Rural areas, typically remote, wooded, undeveloped and uncultivated.
    1. (Australia) The countryside area of Australia that is less arid and less remote than the outback; loosely, areas of natural flora even within conurbations.
    2. (New Zealand) An area of New Zealand covered in forest, especially native forest.
    3. (Canada) The wild forested areas of Canada; upcountry.
  2. (Canada) A woodlot or bluff on a farm.
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]
Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bush (not comparable)

  1. The noun "bush", used attributively.
    The bush vote; bush party; bush tucker; bush aristocracy; bush tea

Adverb[edit]

bush (not comparable)

  1. (Australia) Towards the direction of the outback.
    On hatching, the chicks scramble to the surface and head bush on their own.

Etymology 4[edit]

Back-formation from bush league.

Adjective[edit]

bush (comparative more bush, superlative most bush)

  1. (colloquial) Not skilled; not professional; not major league.
    They're supposed to be a major league team, but so far they've been bush.

Noun[edit]

bush (plural bushes)

  1. (baseball) Amateurish behavior, short for "bush league behavior"
    The way that pitcher showed up the batter after the strikeout was bush.

Etymology 5[edit]

From Middle Dutch busse 'box; wheel bushing', from Proto-Germanic *buhsiz (compare English box). More at box.

Noun[edit]

bush (plural bushes)

  1. A thick washer or hollow cylinder of metal (also bushing).
  2. A mechanical attachment, usually a metallic socket with a screw thread, such as the mechanism by which a camera is attached to a tripod stand.
  3. A piece of copper, screwed into a gun, through which the venthole is bored.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Farrow to this entry?)

Verb[edit]

bush (third-person singular simple present bushes, present participle bushing, simple past and past participle bushed)

  1. (transitive) To furnish with a bush or lining.
    to bush a pivot hole

Anagrams[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Either from Latin buxus id[1], or from Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH 'to grow' (compare Dutch bos (woods), English bush).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bush m

  1. boxwood
  2. kind of shrub
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Possibly from Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH (to grow).

Noun[edit]

bush m (indefinite plural busha, definite singular bushi, definite plural bushat)

  1. a mythological monster
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vladimir Orel (2000), A Concise Historical Grammar of the Albanian Language, Ledien: Brill Academic Publishers, page 42

Aromanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Daco-Romanian buș.

Noun[edit]

bush

  1. fist

Synonyms[edit]