krūms

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Latvian[edit]

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 krūms on Latvian Wikipedia
Krūms
Ceriņu krūms

Etymology[edit]

Probably by metathesis from *kurms (with ur̄ > , yielding a long vowel), from Proto-Baltic *kurmas, from Proto-Indo-European *kr̥-mo-s, from the zero grade *kr̥- of *ker-, *sker- (to turn, to bend) (whence also Latvian cers, q.v.). The semantic evolution was probably: “to turn, to bend” > “(object) bent, twisted (into a circle)” > “lumps, clumps, clusters” > “plant resembling/forming lumps, clumps, clusters; bush, shrub.” Cognates include Lithuanian krū́mas, Old Prussian kirno.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

krūms m (1st declension)

  1. bush, shrub (perennial plant with several wooden stems but without a main stem or trunk)
    lazdu, ceriņu, rožu krūmshazel, lilac, rose bush
    ērkšķu krūmsthorn bush
    krūmu audzebush grove
    krūmu pudurisbush clump
    aronija ir vidēja lieluma daudzgadīgs krūms ar spīdīgām, eliptiskām lapām, baltiem ziediemaronia is a perennial bush of average size with glossy elliptical leaves (and) white flowers
    amerikāņu krūmu asterēm ir lieli ziedi ar stingriem kātiemthe American aster bushes have large flowers with strong stems
  2. (usually plural) bush grove, bush clump; shrubbery (a place where bushes, shrubs grow)
    iziet cauri krūmiemto pass through the bushes
    krūmu vistadwarf chicken (bird from India, similar to a chicken; lit. bush chicken)
    krūmos uzkalnītē kāds pamanīja 45 milimetru lielgabaluin the bushes on the hilltop someone noticed a 45-milimiter cannon

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “krūms”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7