krūms

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Latvian[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 krūms on Latvian Wikipedia
Krūms
Ceriņu krūms

Etymology[edit]

Probably by metathesis from *kurms (with ur̄ > , yielding a long vowel), from Proto-Baltic *kurmas, from Proto-Indo-European *kr̥-mo-s, from the zero grade *kr̥- of *ker-, *sker- (to turn, to bend) (whence also Latvian cers, q.v.). The semantic evolution was probably: “to turn, to bend” > “(object) bent, twisted (into a circle)” > “lumps, clumps, clusters” > “plant resembling/forming lumps, clumps, clusters; bush, shrub.” Cognates include Lithuanian krū́mas, Old Prussian kirno.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

krūms m (1st declension)

  1. bush, shrub (perennial plant with several wooden stems but without a main stem or trunk)
    lazdu, ceriņu, rožu krūms‎ ― hazel, lilac, rose bush
    ērkšķu krūms‎ ― thorn bush
    krūmu audze‎ ― bush grove
    krūmu puduris‎ ― bush clump
    aronija ir vidēja lieluma daudzgadīgs krūms ar spīdīgām, eliptiskām lapām, baltiem ziediem‎ ― aronia is a perennial bush of average size with glossy elliptical leaves (and) white flowers
    amerikāņu krūmu asterēm ir lieli ziedi ar stingriem kātiem‎ ― the American aster bushes have large flowers with strong stems
  2. (usually plural) bush grove, bush clump; shrubbery (a place where bushes, shrubs grow)
    iziet cauri krūmiem‎ ― to pass through the bushes
    krūmu vista‎ ― dwarf chicken (bird from India, similar to a chicken; lit. bush chicken)
    krūmos uzkalnītē kāds pamanīja 45 milimetru lielgabalu‎ ― in the bushes on the hilltop someone noticed a 45-milimiter cannon

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “krūms”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7