swart

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See also: Swart

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /swɔː(ɹ)t/
    • (file)
  • (US) IPA(key): /swɔɹt/
  • Rhymes: -ɔː(ɹ)t

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English swart, from Old English sweart, from Proto-West Germanic *swart, from Proto-Germanic *swartaz, from Proto-Indo-European *swerd-.

Adjective[edit]

swart (comparative swarter, superlative swartest)

  1. Of a dark hue; moderately black; swarthy; tawny.
  2. (Britain dialectal) Black.
  3. (obsolete) Gloomy; malignant.
    • 1905, Samuel Major Gardenhire, The Silence of Mrs. Harrold - Page 277:
      The keeping eunuchs were at back, solemn in stately rows, bespeared and bescimitared, the Danish, Irish, and German of their countenances lost in the daub which made them swart.
    • 1906, Lord Dunsany, Time and the Gods
      Suddenly the swart figure of Time stood up before the gods, with both hands dripping with blood and a red sword dangling idly from his fingers, and said: “Sardathrion is gone! I have overthrown it!”

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

swart (plural swarts)

  1. (Britain dialectal) Black or dark dyestuff; something of a certain swart; something of a certain ocker.

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English swarten, from Old English sweartian, from Proto-West Germanic *swartōn, from Proto-Germanic *swartōną; synchronically analyzable as swart +‎ -en.

Verb[edit]

swart (third-person singular simple present swarts, present participle swarting, simple past and past participle swarted)

  1. (transitive) To make swart or tawny; blacken; tan.
    to swart a living part
    • 1646, Thomas Browne, Pseudodoxia Epidemica
      [] the heate of the Sun, whose fervor may swarte a living part, and even black a dead or dissolving flesh,

Etymology 3[edit]

Variant of sward.

Noun[edit]

swart (uncountable)

  1. Obsolete spelling of sward
    • 1587: Raphael Holinshed, Holinshed's Chronicles of England, Scotland, and Ireland [1]
      Howbeit where the rocks and quarrie grounds are, I take the swart of the earth to be so thin, that no tree of anie greatnesse, other than shrubs and bushes, is able to grow or prosper long therein for want of sufficient moisture wherewith to feed them with fresh humour, or at the leastwise of mould []

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch zwart , from Proto-Germanic *swartaz.

Adjective[edit]

swart (attributive swart, comparative swarter, superlative swartste)

  1. black
  2. Black

Antonyms[edit]


German Low German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German swart, from Old Saxon swart, from Proto-West Germanic *swart, from Proto-Germanic *swartaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /swart/, /swaːt/, /svaːt/
  • IPA(key): /zwart/, /zwaːt/
  • IPA(key): /swat/, /svat/

Adjective[edit]

swart (comparative swärter, superlative swärtst)

  1. black

Declension[edit]


Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

swart

  1. Romanization of 𐍃𐍅𐌰𐍂𐍄

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch swart, from Proto-West Germanic *swart, from Proto-Germanic *swartaz.

Adjective[edit]

swart

  1. black

Inflection[edit]

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

  • Dutch: zwart
  • Limburgish: zwart
  • West Flemish: zwort

Further reading[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English sweart, from Proto-West Germanic *swart, from Proto-Germanic *swartaz; compare Middle Dutch swart, Middle Low German swart, Middle High German swarz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

swart (plural and weak singular swarte, comparative swarter)

  1. Dark, oppressive, blackened.
  2. Black; swart.
    1. Black-skinned, swarthy; having dark skin.
    2. (rare) Bruised, heavily wounded.
  3. (rare) Evil, malign.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *swart, from Proto-Germanic *swartaz.

Adjective[edit]

swart

  1. black

Declension[edit]


Descendants[edit]


Scots[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English swart, from Old English sweart, from Proto-West Germanic *swart, from Proto-Germanic *swartaz.

Noun[edit]

swart (plural swarts)

  1. Black or dark dyestuff.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse svartr.

Adjective[edit]

swart (comparative mair swart, superlative maist swart)

  1. Black; swarthy.
Derived terms[edit]

West Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Frisian swart, swert, from Proto-West Germanic *swart, from Proto-Germanic *swartaz.

Adjective[edit]

swart

  1. black

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of swart
uninflected swart
inflected swarte
comparative swarter
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial swart swarter it swartst
it swartste
indefinite c. sing. swarte swartere swartste
n. sing. swart swarter swartste
plural swarte swartere swartste
definite swarte swartere swartste
partitive swarts swarters

Further reading[edit]

  • swart (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

Noun[edit]

swart n (plural swarten)

  1. black

Further reading[edit]

  • swart (II)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011