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See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
井-oracle.svg 井-bronze.svg 井-silk.svg 井-bigseal.svg 井-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – a square well, with supports on four sides. Compare .

Han character[edit]

(radical 7 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 廿廿 (TT), four-corner 55000)

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 86, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 258
  • Dae Jaweon: page 183, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 10, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+4E95

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (13)
Final: (121)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: jǐng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡siᴇŋX/ /t͡siɛŋX/ /t͡siæŋX/ /t͡siajŋX/ /t͡siɛŋX/ /t͡sĭɛŋX/ /t͡si̯ɛŋX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jǐng ‹ tsjengX › /*C.tseŋʔ/ well (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6852 0 /*skeŋʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. well
  2. well-shaped object; mineshaft, pit
  3. hometown
  4. 48th hexagram of the I Ching
  5. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

A well (井, 丼)

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. well

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun'yomi

wi > i.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji i, historical hiragana )

  1. well
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
せい
Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(tsjengX).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana せい, romaji sei)

  1. well, well curb
  2. Well (Chinese constellation)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jeong) (hangeul , revised jeong, McCune-Reischauer chŏng, Yale ceng)

  1. well

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tỉnh)

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