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U+4E95, 井
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E95

[U+4E94]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E96]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 7, +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 廿廿 (TT), four-corner 55000, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 86, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 258
  • Dae Jaweon: page 183, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 10, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+4E95

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
井-oracle.svg 井-bronze.svg 井-silk.svg 井-seal.svg 井-bigseal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰreːŋ, *ɡeːŋ
*kreːŋ
*keŋ
*skeŋʔ
*kl'oːmʔ, *skeŋʔ
*sɡeŋʔ
*sɡeŋʔ, *sɡeŋs
*sɡeŋʔ, *sɡeŋs
*sɡeːŋʔ
*ɡeːŋ
*ɡeːŋ
*ɡeːŋ
*ɡeːŋ
*ɡeːŋ
*ɡeːŋ

Pictogram (象形) – a square well, with supports on four sides.

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • zeng2 - vernacular;
  • zing2 - literary.
  • Hakka
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • chíⁿ/chéⁿ - vernacular;
    • chéng - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (13)
    Final () (121)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡siᴇŋX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡siɛŋX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡siæŋX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /t͡siajŋX/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡siɛŋX/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡sĭɛŋX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡si̯ɛŋX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jǐng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jǐng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsjengX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.tseŋʔ/
    English well (n.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 6852
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*skeŋʔ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. well (a hole sunk into the ground)
    2. well-shaped object; mineshaft, pit
    3. hometown
    4. neat; tidy
      井井有條 / 井井有条  ―  jǐngjǐngyǒutiáo  ―  neat and tidy
    5. 48th hexagram of the I Ching
    6. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“pitfall, trap”).
    (This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    Japanese[edit]

    A well (井, 丼)

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. well

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    wi > i.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji i, historical hiragana )

    1. well
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    せい
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (tsjengX).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana せい, rōmaji sei)

    1. well, well curb
    2. Well (Chinese constellation)

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (jeong) (hangeul , revised jeong, McCune–Reischauer chŏng, Yale ceng)

    1. well

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (tỉnh)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.