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See also: and
U+4E95, 井
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E95

[U+4E94]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E96]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 7 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 廿廿 (TT), four-corner 55000)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 86, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 258
  • Dae Jaweon: page 183, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 10, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+4E95

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
井-oracle.svg 井-bronze.svg 井-silk.svg 井-seal.svg 井-bigseal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰreːŋ, *ɡeːŋ
*kreːŋ
*keŋ
*skeŋʔ
*kloːmʔ, *skeŋʔ
*sɡeŋʔ
*sɡeŋʔ, *sɡeŋs
*sɡeŋʔ, *sɡeŋs
*sɡeːŋʔ
*ɡeːŋ
*ɡeːŋ
*ɡeːŋ
*ɡeːŋ
*ɡeːŋ
*ɡeːŋ

Pictogram (象形) – a square well, with supports on four sides.

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • zeng2 - vernacular;
  • zing2 - literary.
Note:
  • chíⁿ/chéⁿ - vernacular;
  • chéng - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (13)
Final () (121)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡siᴇŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡siɛŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡siæŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡siajŋX/
Li
Rong
/t͡siɛŋX/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭɛŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡si̯ɛŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jǐng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jǐng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsjengX ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.tseŋʔ/
English well (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6852
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*skeŋʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. well (a hole sunk into the ground)
  2. well-shaped object; mineshaft, pit
  3. hometown
  4. neat; tidy
    井井有條 / 井井有条  ―  jǐngjǐngyǒutiáo  ―  neat and tidy
  5. 48th hexagram of the I Ching
  6. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“pitfall, trap”).
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

A well (井, 丼)

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. well

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun’yomi

wi > i.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji i, historical hiragana )

  1. well
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
せい
Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (tsjengX).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana せい, rōmaji sei)

  1. well, well curb
  2. Well (Chinese constellation)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jeong) (hangeul , revised jeong, McCune-Reischauer chŏng, Yale ceng)

  1. well

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tỉnh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.