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U+4E95, 井
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E95

[U+4E94]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E96]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 7 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 廿廿 (TT), four-corner 55000)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 86, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 258
  • Dae Jaweon: page 183, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 10, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+4E95

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
井-oracle.svg 井-bronze.svg 井-silk.svg 井-bigseal.svg 井-seal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰreːŋ, *ɡeːŋ
*kreːŋ
*keŋ
*skeŋʔ
*kloːmʔ, *skeŋʔ
*sɡeŋʔ
*sɡeŋʔ, *sɡeŋs
*sɡeŋʔ, *sɡeŋs
*sɡeːŋʔ
*ɡeːŋ
*ɡeːŋ
*ɡeːŋ
*ɡeːŋ
*ɡeːŋ
*ɡeːŋ

Pictogram (象形) – a square well, with supports on four sides. Compare .

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • zeng2 - vernacular;
  • zing2 - literary.
Note:
  • chéⁿ, chíⁿ - vernacular;
  • chéng - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (13)
Final () (121)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡siᴇŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡siɛŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡siæŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡siajŋX/
Li
Rong
/t͡siɛŋX/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭɛŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡si̯ɛŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jǐng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jǐng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsjengX ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.tseŋʔ/
English well (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6852
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*skeŋʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. well
  2. well-shaped object; mineshaft, pit
  3. hometown
  4. 48th hexagram of the I Ching
  5. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

A well (井, 丼)

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. well

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun'yomi

wi > i.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji i, historical hiragana )

  1. well
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
せい
Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (tsjengX).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana せい, romaji sei)

  1. well, well curb
  2. Well (Chinese constellation)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jeong) (hangeul , revised jeong, McCune-Reischauer chŏng, Yale ceng)

  1. well

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tỉnh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.