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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 113 +11, 16 strokes, cangjie input 竹中一一火 (HLMMF), four-corner 27901, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 846, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24820
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1267, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2408, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+79A6

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (22)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɨʌX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋiɔX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiɔX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋɨə̆X/
Li
Rong
/ŋiɔX/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭoX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi̯woX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngjoX ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-qʰ(r)aʔ/
English ward off, withstand; sacrifice

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 13178 13179
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋaʔ/ /*ŋas/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to defend, to resist, to hold out against

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(eo) (hangeul , revised eo, McCune-Reischauer ŏ, Yale e)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ngữ, ngừa, ngự)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.