tong

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /tɒŋ/
    • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɒŋ

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English tonge (tongs, fang), tange, from Old English tange, from Proto-Germanic *tangō, from Proto-Indo-European *denḱ- (to bite). Cognate with Old Norse tǫng (modern Icelandic töng), Old High German zanga (modern German Zange). Other cognates include Sanskrit दशति (dáśati, to bite) and Albanian dang (bite, nip).

Noun[edit]

tong (plural tongs)

  1. An instrument or tool used for manipulating things in a fire without touching them with the hands.
    • 1998, Alberdina Houtman, Marcel Poorthuis, Joshua Schwartz (editors), Sanctity of time and space in tradition and modernity, page 232:
      [] these attributes are concrete expressions of God's care and providence and therefore not man-made. This explains the quite bizarre presence of a ‘pair’ of tongs in some lists: in order to make a tong one needs a tong, and how could the first tong be made without a tong?
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

tong (third-person singular simple present tongs, present participle tonging, simple past and past participle tonged)

  1. (intransitive) To use tongs.
  2. (transitive) To grab, manipulate or transport something using tongs.
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Cantonese (tong⁴).

Noun[edit]

tong (plural tongs)

  1. a Chinese lineage organization responsible for managing ancestral land
    • 1995, Legislative Council of Hong Kong, “Block Crown Lease (Cheung Chau) Ordinance”, in Hong Kong Government Gazette[1], page A2772:
      An Ordinance to provide for the termination of the Block Crown Lease of Cheung Chau granted to Wong Wai Tsak Tong and for sub-lessees under the Block Crown Lease to hold directly from the Crown.
  2. a Chinese secret society or gang
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

tong (plural tongs)

  1. Obsolete spelling of tongue
    • 1570, Roger Ascham, The Scholemaster:
      Or plaine and perfite way of teachyng children, to vnderstand, write, and speake, the Latin tong, but specially purposed for the priuate brynging vp of youth in Ientlemen and Noble mens houses, and commodious also for all such, as haue forgot the Latin tonge, and would, by themselues, without a Scholemaster, in short tyme, and with small paines, recouer a sufficient habilitie, to vnderstand, write, and speake Latin.

Afrikaans[edit]

Afrikaans Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia af

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch tong, from Middle Dutch tonge, from Old Dutch tunga, from Proto-Germanic *tungǭ, from Proto-Indo-European *dn̥ǵʰwéh₂s.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tong (plural tonge)

  1. tongue

Derived terms[edit]


Chuukese[edit]

Noun[edit]

tong

  1. love

Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch tonge, from Old Dutch tunga, from Proto-West Germanic *tungā, from Proto-Germanic *tungǭ, from Proto-Indo-European *dn̥ǵʰwéh₂s.

Noun[edit]

tong f (plural tongen, diminutive tongetje n)

  1. tongue
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Afrikaans: tong
  • Negerhollands: tong, toṅ, tung
    • Virgin Islands Creole: ton (dated)
  • Skepi Creole Dutch: tunk

Etymology 2[edit]

From etymology 1.

Noun[edit]

tong m (plural tongen, diminutive tongetje n)

  1. A kind of flatfish, the common sole, Solea solea.
Synonyms[edit]

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English thong.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tong f (plural tongs)

  1. flip-flop, thong
    Synonyms: (informal) clic-clac, (Canada, informal) gougonne, (Belgium, Africa) slache, (West Africa) tapette, claquette

Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈtɔŋ]
  • Hyphenation: tong

Etymology 1[edit]

From Malay tong, from Hokkien (thóng).

Noun[edit]

tong (first-person possessive tongku, second-person possessive tongmu, third-person possessive tongnya)

  1. barrel
    Synonym: tahang

Etymology 2[edit]

Onomatopoeic.

Noun[edit]

tong (first-person possessive tongku, second-person possessive tongmu, third-person possessive tongnya)

  1. sound of a gong, kentungan.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Betawi [Term?].

Noun[edit]

tong (first-person possessive tongku, second-person possessive tongmu, third-person possessive tongnya)

  1. (dialect, Jakarta) Clipping of entong (boy).

Further reading[edit]


Malay[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Chinese . Related to tahang.

Noun[edit]

tong (plural tong-tong, informal 1st possessive tongku, impolite 2nd possessive tongmu, 3rd possessive tongnya)

  1. barrel, tub, bin
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Dutch ton.

Noun[edit]

tong (plural tong-tong, informal 1st possessive tongku, impolite 2nd possessive tongmu, 3rd possessive tongnya)

  1. ton

Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

tong

  1. Nonstandard spelling of tōng.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of tóng.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of tǒng.
  4. Nonstandard spelling of tòng.

Usage notes[edit]

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

tong

  1. Alternative form of tonge (tongue)

Min Nan[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of tong – see (“east; host; etc.”).
(This character, tong, is the Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of .)

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse tǫng

Noun[edit]

tong f (definite singular tonga, indefinite plural tenger, definite plural tengene)

  1. (a pair of) pliers, pincers

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

tong

  1. done for, screwed
    • 2001, Chu Lai, Cuộc đời dài lắm, NXB Văn học, page 199:
      Mưa. Thế là lại đi tong một ngày mủ vì mưa nữa rồi!
      Rain. So yet another day's worth of latex gone to waste because of the rain!

Westrobothnian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse þungr, from Proto-Germanic *þunguz, akin to Proto-Slavic *tęžьkъ (compare Serbo-Croatian težak) and Lithuanian tingus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [tʰɯ̞́ᵝŋː], [tʰóŋː], [tʰɔ́ʊ̯ŋ(ɡ̊)]
    Rhymes: -úŋɡ

Adjective[edit]

tong (neuter tongt, plural tōng, comparative töynger, superlative töyngst)

  1. Heavy.
    hä jär för mykkjä tongtit is much too heavy

Derived terms[edit]