tonga

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See also: Tonga

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Hindi टाँगा (ṭāṅgā).

Alternative forms[edit]

A tonga

Noun[edit]

tonga (plural tongas)

  1. (India) A light, two-wheeled, horse-drawn carriage used for transportation in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh.
    • 1890, Rudyard Kipling, Plain Tales from the Hills:
      Coming up along the Cart-Road a tonga passed me, and my pony, tired with standing so long, set off at a canter.
    • 1924, EM Forster, A Passage to India, Penguin 2005, p. 13:
      When his tyre went flat, he leapt off and shouted for a tonga.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Tonga.

Noun[edit]

tonga (uncountable)

  1. (medicine) A drug useful in neuralgia, derived from a Fijian plant supposed to be of the aroid genus Epipremnum.

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin tunica. Doublet of túnica, a learned borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tonga f (plural tongues)

  1. (historical) A form of tunic worn by Catalan Jews during the Middle Ages.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • “tonga” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

< Tonga

Noun[edit]

tonga

  1. Tongan (language)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of tonga (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative tonga
genitive tongan
partitive tongaa
illative tongaan
singular plural
nominative tonga
accusative nom. tonga
gen. tongan
genitive tongan
partitive tongaa
inessive tongassa
elative tongasta
illative tongaan
adessive tongalla
ablative tongalta
allative tongalle
essive tongana
translative tongaksi
instructive
abessive tongatta
comitative
Possessive forms of tonga (type koira)
possessor singular plural
1st person tongani tongamme
2nd person tongasi tonganne
3rd person tongansa

Anagrams[edit]


Lingala[edit]

Verb[edit]

-tonga (infinitive kotonga)

  1. to sew, to mend

See also[edit]


Malagasy[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Participle[edit]

tonga

  1. arrived

Etymology 2[edit]

The talisman sense comes from Etymology 1 of the word.

Noun[edit]

tonga

  1. (Mahafaly, Sakalava) a charm or talisman believed to bring one safely to their destination
  2. (by extension) a plant used to make this talisman, the blue porterweed (Stachytarpheta jamaicensis)
  3. (Antanosy) rosy periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus)
  4. (Bara) Catharanthus longifolius

Maori[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Polynesian *toŋa (south wind), possibly from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *teŋaq (centre). Cognate with Malay tengah.

No words for the cardinal directions can be unambiguously reconstructed for Proto-Polynesian, as there would be little use for them on the small Polynesian islands. However, on the much larger North Island (Te Ika-a-Māui) and South Island (Te Waipounamu) of New Zealand, the usefulness of such terminology led the Māori to adopt this word for "south".[1]

Noun[edit]

tonga

  1. south
    Synonyms: taitonga, (obsolete) hauta

Coordinate terms[edit]

(compass points)

tapatapātiu tokerau, raki kārapu
uru Compass rose simple plain.svg rāwhiti
uru-mā-tonga tonga pitonga


References[edit]

  1. ^ Bruce Biggs (1994), “New Words for a New World”, in A. K. Pawley; M. D. Ross, editors, Austronesian Terminologies: Continuity and Change (Pacific Linguistics Series C; 127), Australian National University, DOI:10.15144/PL-C127, page 26.

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Noun[edit]

tonga f

  1. definite singular of tong

Portuguese[edit]

Adjective[edit]

tonga

  1. feminine singular of tongo

Noun[edit]

tonga m (uncountable)

  1. Tongan (Austronesian language spoken in Tonga)
    Synonym: tonganês

Noun[edit]

tonga f (plural tongas)

  1. female equivalent of tongo

Rapa Nui[edit]

Noun[edit]

tonga

  1. a kind of yam

Solon[edit]

Solon cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : tonga

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Tungusic *tuńga. Cognate with Evenki тунӈа (tunŋa), Even ту̇нӈа̇н (tu̇nŋȧn), Oroqen tʊŋŋa, Manchu ᠰᡠᠨᠵᠠ (sunja).

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Numeral[edit]

tonga

  1. five

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈtonɡa/, [ˈt̪õŋ.ɡa]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Latin tunica. Doublet of túnica, a borrowing.

Noun[edit]

tonga f (plural tongas)

  1. coating (thin outer layer)
    Synonym: tongada
  2. (Argentina, Colombia) task, job
  3. (Canary Islands, Cuba) heap, pile
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

tonga m or f (plural tongas)

  1. a member of the Tonga people of southern Africa

Etymology 3[edit]

From Tongan Tonga, from Samoan toga (southern).

Noun[edit]

tonga m or f (plural tongas)

  1. Tongan (someone from Tonga)

Further reading[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unknown.

Noun[edit]

tonga (definite accusative tongayı, plural tongalar)

  1. (slang) cheating, trick