tunga

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See also: Tunga, tũnga, and tūnga

Cebuano[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *teŋaq. Cognate with Malay tengah, Maori tonga.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: tu‧nga
  • IPA(key): /tuˈŋaʔ/, [t̪ʊˈŋaʔ]

Adjective[edit]

tungâ

  1. half

Noun[edit]

tungâ

  1. center; middle
    1. (geometry) the center of a circle
    2. (geometry) the center of a sphere
    3. the middle portion of something; the part well away from the edges
    4. (geometry) the point on a line that is midway between the ends
    5. (geometry) the point in the interior of any figure of any number of dimensions that has as its coordinates the arithmetic mean of the coordinates of all points on the perimeter of the figure (or of all points in the interior for a center of volume)
  2. (slang, euphemistic) vagina

Verb[edit]

tungâ

  1. to split into halves
  2. to increase to halfway point
  3. to show up

Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse tunga, from Proto-Germanic *tungǭ, from Proto-Indo-European *dn̥ǵʰwéh₂s.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tunga f (genitive singular tungu, plural tungur)

  1. tongue (organ)
  2. mother tongue, language
  3. tongue of land in a stream
  4. the tongue of a shoe
  5. lemon sole (Microstomus kitt)

Declension[edit]

Declension of tunga
f1 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative tunga tungan tungur tungurnar
accusative tungu tunguna tungur tungurnar
dative tungu tunguni tungum tungunum
genitive tungu tungunnar tunga tunganna

Herero[edit]

Verb[edit]

tunga

  1. to build

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse tunga, from Proto-Germanic *tungǭ, from Proto-Indo-European *dn̥ǵʰwéh₂s.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tunga f (genitive singular tungu, nominative plural tungur)

  1. (anatomy) a tongue
  2. language
  3. the tongue of a shoe

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Kituba[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-tʊ́nga.

Verb[edit]

tunga

  1. to sew
  2. to build

Kuikúro[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

tunga

  1. water
    • 2010, Ergativity in Amazonia, →ISBN:
      tunga heke leha ate-lü-ko leha
      water ERG CMPL surround-PNCT-PL CMPL
      the water surrounded them
    • 2012, Languages of the Amazon, →ISBN:
      tuŋá-héke létʃa ate-lə-ko léha
      water-ERG AP 3-encircle-PUNCTUAL-PL ASP
      The water encircled them.

Lingala[edit]

Verb[edit]

-tunga (infinitive kotunga)

  1. to thin, to become thinner, to slim

Derived terms[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

tunga m or f

  1. definite feminine singular of tunge

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Noun[edit]

tunga f (definite singular tunga, indefinite plural tunger or tungor, definite plural tungene or tungone)

  1. (pre-2012) alternative form of tunge
  2. definite singular of tunge

Old Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *tungā, from Proto-Germanic *tungǭ, from Proto-Indo-European *dn̥ǵʰwéh₂s.

Noun[edit]

tunga f

  1. tongue

Inflection[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle Dutch: tonge, tonghe
    • Dutch: tong
      • Afrikaans: tong
      • Negerhollands: tong, toṅ, tung
        • Virgin Islands Creole: ton (dated)
      • Skepi Creole Dutch: tunk
      • ? Sranan Tongo: tongo
    • Limburgish: tóng

Further reading[edit]

  • tunga”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *dungō.

Noun[edit]

tunga ?

  1. dung

Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *tungǭ, from Proto-Indo-European *dn̥ǵʰwéh₂s.

Noun[edit]

tunga f (genitive tungu, plural tungur)

  1. tongue
  2. language

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • tunga”, in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Old Saxon[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *tungā, from Proto-Germanic *tungǭ, from Proto-Indo-European *dn̥ǵʰwéh₂s.

Noun[edit]

tunga f

  1. tongue
  2. language

Declension[edit]


Descendants[edit]

Old Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse tunga, from Proto-Germanic *tungǭ.

Noun[edit]

tunga f

  1. tongue
  2. speech, language

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Rwanda-Rundi[edit]

Verb[edit]

-tûnga (infinitive gutûnga, perfective -tûnze)

  1. own, possess
  2. be wealthy
    Synonym: -kira
    Antonym: -kena

Derived terms[edit]

Swahili[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-tʊ́nga.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Verb[edit]

-tunga (infinitive kutunga)

  1. to compose, to string together, to form matter

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of -tunga
Positive present -natunga
Subjunctive -tunge
Negative -tungi
Imperative singular tunga
Infinitives
Positive kutunga
Negative kutotunga
Imperatives
Singular tunga
Plural tungeni
Tensed forms
Habitual hutunga
Positive past positive subject concord + -litunga
Negative past negative subject concord + -kutunga
Positive present (positive subject concord + -natunga)
Singular Plural
1st person ninatunga/natunga tunatunga
2nd person unatunga mnatunga
3rd person m-wa(I/II) anatunga wanatunga
other classes positive subject concord + -natunga
Negative present (negative subject concord + -tungi)
Singular Plural
1st person situngi hatutungi
2nd person hutungi hamtungi
3rd person m-wa(I/II) hatungi hawatungi
other classes negative subject concord + -tungi
Positive future positive subject concord + -tatunga
Negative future negative subject concord + -tatunga
Positive subjunctive (positive subject concord + -tunge)
Singular Plural
1st person nitunge tutunge
2nd person utunge mtunge
3rd person m-wa(I/II) atunge watunge
other classes positive subject concord + -tunge
Negative subjunctive positive subject concord + -situnge
Positive present conditional positive subject concord + -ngetunga
Negative present conditional positive subject concord + -singetunga
Positive past conditional positive subject concord + -ngalitunga
Negative past conditional positive subject concord + -singalitunga
Gnomic (positive subject concord + -atunga)
Singular Plural
1st person natunga twatunga
2nd person watunga mwatunga
3rd person m-wa(I/II) atunga watunga
m-mi(III/IV) watunga yatunga
ji-ma(V/VI) latunga yatunga
ki-vi(VII/VIII) chatunga vyatunga
n(IX/X) yatunga zatunga
u(XI) watunga see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) kwatunga
pa(XVI) patunga
mu(XVIII) mwatunga
Perfect positive subject concord + -metunga
"Already" positive subject concord + -meshatunga
"Not yet" negative subject concord + -jatunga
"If/When" positive subject concord + -kitunga
"If not" positive subject concord + -sipotunga
Consecutive katunga / positive subject concord + -katunga
Consecutive subjunctive positive subject concord + -katunge
Object concord (indicative positive)
Singular Plural
1st person -nitunga -tutunga
2nd person -kutunga -watunga/-kutungeni/-watungeni
3rd person m-wa(I/II) -mtunga -watunga
m-mi(III/IV) -utunga -itunga
ji-ma(V/VI) -litunga -yatunga
ki-vi(VII/VIII) -kitunga -vitunga
n(IX/X) -itunga -zitunga
u(XI) -utunga see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) -kutunga
pa(XVI) -patunga
mu(XVIII) -mutunga
Reflexive -jitunga
Relative forms
General positive (positive subject concord + (object concord) + -tunga- + relative marker)
Singular Plural
m-wa(I/II) -tungaye -tungao
m-mi(III/IV) -tungao -tungayo
ji-ma(V/VI) -tungalo -tungayo
ki-vi(VII/VIII) -tungacho -tungavyo
n(IX/X) -tungayo -tungazo
u(XI) -tungao see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) -tungako
pa(XVI) -tungapo
mu(XVIII) -tungamo
Other forms (subject concord + tense marker + relative marker + (object concord) + -tunga)
Singular Plural
m-wa(I/II) -yetunga -otunga
m-mi(III/IV) -otunga -yotunga
ji-ma(V/VI) -lotunga -yotunga
ki-vi(VII/VIII) -chotunga -vyotunga
n(IX/X) -yotunga -zotunga
u(XI) -otunga see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) -kotunga
pa(XVI) -potunga
mu(XVIII) -motunga
Some forms not commonly seen in modern Standard Swahili are absent from the table. See Appendix:Swahili verbs for more information.

Derived terms[edit]

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Swedish tunga, from Old Norse tunga, from Proto-Germanic *tungǭ, from Proto-Indo-European *dn̥ǵʰwéh₂s.

Noun[edit]

tunga c

  1. a tongue (organ)
  2. a tongue (flap in a shoe)
    Synonym: plös
  3. a language, speech
    De skatter som förvärvas genom falsk tunga, de äro en försvinnande dunst och hasta till döden.
    The getting of treasures by a lying tongue is a vanity tossed to and fro of them that seek death. (Proverbs 21:6)
Declension[edit]
Declension of tunga 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative tunga tungan tungor tungorna
Genitive tungas tungans tungors tungornas
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Adjective[edit]

tunga

  1. inflection of tung:
    1. definite singular
    2. plural

Noun[edit]

tunga c

  1. (archaic) weight (how heavy something is, from the adjective tung = heavy)
    1. a weight (for measuring weight with scales)
      Synonyms: tyngd, vikt
      Tyskland var då tungan på den europeiska jämviktens vågskål
      Germany was then the weight in the pan of the European balance
    2. a burden, a trouble
      Synonym: börda
    3. a duty, something one is forced to do or pay

References[edit]

Tausug[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *teŋaq.

Noun[edit]

tunga

  1. half

Verb[edit]

tunga (used in the form magtunga)

  1. to halve

Turkish[edit]

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Noun[edit]

tunga

tunga (definite accusative tungalar, plural tungayı)

  1. A sort of tiger.

Synonyms[edit]