tunge

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See also: Tunge

Danish[edit]

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Danish tungæ, Old Norse tunga, Proto-Germanic *tungǭ, cognate with English tongue, German Zunge, Gothic 𐍄𐌿𐌲𐌲𐍉 (tuggō). The Germanic word goes back to Proto-Indo-European *dn̥ǵʰwéh₂s (tongue), cf. Latin lingua, Sanskrit जिह्वा (jihvā́).

Noun[edit]

tunge c (singular definite tungen, plural indefinite tunger)

  1. (anatomy) tongue
  2. sole (fish)
  3. (poetic) language
    • 1856, Frederik E. Schiern, Historiske studier, page 86:
      Men da ei Grunden blev tilstrækkelig / For Folkets Antal, drog de over til / Det sorte Bjerg, ja til det hvide Land, / Hvor, skjult bag ved en evig Muur af Iis, / Et andet Folk med anden Tunge taler.
      But when the place was insufficient / For the numbers of the people, they went to / The black mountain, yes, to the white land, / Where, hidden behind an eternal wall of ice, / Another people in another tongue speaks.
    • 2014, Joseph Conrad, Lord Jim, Rosinante & Co, →ISBN:
      Deres høvding havde talt til ham i hans eget folks sprog og forklaret mange ting, som det var vanskeligt at udtrykke i en anden tunge.
      Their chief had spoken to him in his own [not the chief's] people's language and explained many things that would have been difficult to express in another tongue.
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See tung (heavy).

Adjective[edit]

tunge

  1. definite of tung
  2. plural of tung

Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈtuŋːe/, [ˈt̪uŋːe̞]
  • Rhymes: -uŋːe
  • Syllabification: tun‧ge

Verb[edit]

tunge

  1. Indicative present connegative form of tunkea.
  2. Second-person singular imperative present form of tunkea.
  3. Second-person singular imperative present connegative form of tunkea.

Anagrams[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Adjective[edit]

tunge

  1. definite singular of tung
  2. plural of tung
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse tunga

Noun[edit]

tunge f or m (definite singular tunga or tungen, indefinite plural tunger, definite plural tungene)

  1. a tongue

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn
utstrekt mennesketunge
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn
fisken tunge (Solea solea)

From Old Norse tunga f, from Proto-Germanic *tungǭ f (tongue), from an N-stem variant of earlier Proto-Indo-European *dn̥ǵʰwéh₂s f (tongue).

Nordic cognates include Icelandic, Faroese, Norn, and Swedish tunga, Danish tunge, Elfdalian tungga and Westrobothnian tōng. Other Germanic cognates include English tongue, West Frisian tonge, Dutch tong, German Zunge, and Gothic 𐍄𐌿𐌲𐌲𐍉 (tuggō).

Indo-European cognates include Armenian լեզու (lezu), Irish teanga, Latin lingua, Lithuanian liežuvis, Northern Kurdish ziman, Persian زبان‎, Polish język, Russian язык (jazyk), Sanskrit जिह्वा (jihvā), Tocharian A käntu, Tocharian B kantwo, Welsh tafod.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

tunge f (definite singular tunga, indefinite plural tunger, definite plural tungene)

  1. (anatomy) a tongue
    Menneske kan smaka med tunga.
    Humans can taste with their tongue.
  2. (metonymically) a language; speech
  3. (metonymically) a voice
  4. (religion, often in the plural) glossolalia
  5. something which resembles a tongue
    1. a flame
    2. a tongue in a swallowtail flag
    3. a tongue in a shoe
      Synonym: pløse
    4. (poetic) bladepoint; tip of a spear, sword, lance or other
  6. (zoology) Dover sole fish (Solea solea)
    Synonyms: tungeflyndre, sjøtunge, skosole
  7. (rail transport) points (Britain, Ireland, Australia, India); switch (US) (the part of the railway switch that actually moves)
  8. (fishing) This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse þungi, from the adjective tung (heavy) (Old Norse þungr).

Noun[edit]

tunge m (definite singular tungen, indefinite plural tungar, definite plural tungane)

  1. heaviness, weight
  2. pressure
  3. sleepiness
  4. (in the definite singular) most, the majority

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Adjective[edit]

tunge

  1. definite singular of tung
  2. plural of tung

References[edit]

  • “tunge” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.
  • tunge” in The Ordnett Dictionary
  • Confer with (Norwegian Bokmål) “tunge_2” in Det Norske Akademis ordbok (NAOB).

Anagrams[edit]


Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *tungā, from Proto-Germanic *tungǭ, from Proto-Indo-European *dn̥ǵʰwéh₂s

Germanic cognates: Old Frisian tunge, Old Saxon tunga, Old Dutch tunga, Old High German zunge, Old Norse tunga, Gothic 𐍄𐌿𐌲𐌲𐍉 (tuggō).

Indo-European cognates: Sanskrit जिह्वा (jihvā), Archaic Latin dingua (Latin lingua, Avestan 𐬵𐬌𐬰𐬬𐬁(hizvā), Old Church Slavonic ѩзꙑкъ (językŭ), Lithuanian liežùvis, Old Irish tengae, Welsh tafod), Tocharian A käntu.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈtun.ɡe/, [ˈtuŋ.ɡe]

Noun[edit]

tunge f

  1. a tongue
  2. a language

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle English: tung, tong, tonge, tunge
    • English: tongue
    • Scots: tung, tong, tongue

Old Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *tungā, from Proto-Germanic *tungǭ,

Noun[edit]

tunge f

  1. tongue
  2. language

Inflection[edit]

References[edit]

  1. Köbler, Gerhard, Altfriesisches Wörterbuch, (4. Auflage) 2014
  2. Cummins, Adley, A Grammar of the Old Fresic Language, 45

Descendants[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

tunge

  1. absolute definite natural masculine form of tung.