teanga

From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish tengae, from Proto-Celtic *tangʷāss (compare Welsh tafod), from Proto-Indo-European *dn̥ǵʰwéh₂s (tongue, speech, language). The alternative form teangaidh was originally the dative singular.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

teanga f (genitive singular teanga, nominative plural teangacha)

  1. (anatomy) tongue
  2. language

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
teanga theanga dteanga
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Quiggin, E. C. (1906) A Dialect of Donegal, Cambridge University Press, page 46

Further reading[edit]

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish tengae, from Proto-Celtic *tangʷāt-, from Proto-Indo-European *dn̥ǵʰwéh₂s (tongue, speech, language).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Uist, Barra, Lochalsh, Lochaber, Lorne) IPA(key): /ˈt͡ʃʰɛŋɡə/
  • (Skye) IPA(key): /ˈtʲʰɛŋə/
  • (Lewis, Harris, Wester Ross) IPA(key): /ˈtʲʰɛɣə/
  • (Tiree, Mull, Islay, Mid Argyll) IPA(key): /ˈt͡ʃʰɛkə/
  • (East Sutherland, Easter Ross, Loch Ness) IPA(key): /ˈtʲʰɛŋi/ (corresponding to the form teangaidh)
  • (Northwest Sutherland, Eastern Highlands) IPA(key): /ˈt͡ʃʰɛɣi/, /ˈt͡ʃʰɤɣi/ (corresponding to the form teangaidh)

Noun[edit]

teanga f (dative singular teanga or teangaidh, genitive singular teanga or teangaidh, plural teangan or teangannan)

  1. (anatomy) tongue
  2. (linguistics) language
    Synonym: cànan

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
teanga theanga
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]