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See also:
U+528D, 劍
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-528D

[U+528C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+528E]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 18, +13, 15 strokes, cangjie input 人人中弓 (OOLN), four-corner 82800, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 144, character 45
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2228
  • Dae Jaweon: page 326, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 358, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+528D

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
variant forms


Wikipedia has articles on:
(Written Standard Chinese?)
Jian (English)
: A Jian with (qiào, scabbard).

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
劍-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*raːm, *kʰreːm, *kʰlam
*qʰlaːm
*ɡ·reːmʔ, *skʰlam, *kramʔ
*ɡr·reːmʔ, *skʰraːmʔ
*kreːmʔ, *skʰlam
*ɡ·ram, *ɡ·ramʔ, *qʰram
*ɡ·ram
*ɡ·ram, *ɡ·ramʔ, *ɡ·rams, *qʰramʔ
*ɡ·ram, *ɡ·ramʔ, *qʰlam
*ɡ·ram
*ɡ·ramʔ, *ɡ·rams
*ɡ·ramʔ, *ɡ·rams
*ɡ·ramʔ, *kramʔ
*ɡ·ramʔ
*ɡ·rams
*skʰlam
*skʰlam
*skʰlam, *skʰlamʔ, *sqʰlam, *qʰramʔ
*skʰlam, *qʰramʔ
*kramʔ
*kramʔ
*ɡramʔ
*ŋramʔ, *rlɯmʔ, *kʰrɯmʔ
*ŋramʔ
*ŋramʔ, *hŋramʔ
*ŋramʔ, *ŋrams
*ŋrams
*qʰramʔ
*kams
*kams
𩏩 *qʰam

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kams): phonetic  (OC *skʰlam) + semantic .

Etymology[edit]

Possibly borrowed from the hypothetical Proto-Altaic *k`èmá (sharp, sharp tool).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • giam3 - Shantou;
  • giem3 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (145)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kɨɐmH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kiɐmH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kiɐmH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kɨamH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kiɐmH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kĭɐmH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ki̯ɐmH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiàn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jiàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kjæmH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*s.kr[a]m-s/
    English sword

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 10227
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kams/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. sword; dagger; sabre
    2. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():

    See also[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. Kyūjitai form of

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (geom) (hangeul , revised geom, McCune–Reischauer kŏm)

    1. sword, knife

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (kiếm, ghém, gươm, kém, chém, sớm)

    1. sword

    Compounds[edit]

    Usage notes[edit]

    • Chữ Nôm. The modern Vietnamese word for sword is kiếm.

    References[edit]