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Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Alternative forms[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 18 +13, 15 strokes, cangjie input 人人中弓 (OOLN), four-corner 82800, composition)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 144, character 45
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2228
  • Dae Jaweon: page 326, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 358, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+528D

Chinese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly borrowed from the hypothetical Proto-Altaic *k`èmá ‎(sharp, sharp tool).

-
trad.
simp.
Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia zh

: A Jian with ‎(qiào, scabbard).
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (劍), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 嚴
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 居欠切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɨɐmH/ /ki̯ɐmH/ /kiɐmH/ /kiɐmH/ /kɨamH/ /kĭɐmH/ /kiɐmH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiàn ‹ kjæmH › /*s.kr[a]m-s/ sword

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10227 1 /*kams/ 原列梵韻作劒,此本說文籀文,集韻驗韻或體

Definitions[edit]

  1. sword, dagger, sabre

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. sword

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana けん, romaji ken)

  1. sword

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(geom) (hangeul , revised geom, McCune-Reischauer kŏm)

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Compounds[edit]

  • This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(kiếm, ghém, gươm, kém, chém, sớm)

  1. sword

Compounds[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • Chữ Nôm. The modern Vietnamese word for sword is kiếm.

References[edit]