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U+77BC, 瞼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-77BC

[U+77BB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+77BD]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 109 +13, 18 strokes, cangjie input 月山人一人 (BUOMO), four-corner 68086, composition)

  1. eyelid

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 819, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23744
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1231, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2518, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+77BC

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
瞼-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*raːm, *kʰreːm, *kʰlam
*qʰlaːm
*ɡ·reːmʔ, *skʰlam, *kramʔ
*ɡr·reːmʔ, *skʰraːmʔ
*kreːmʔ, *skʰlam
*ɡ·ram, *ɡ·ramʔ, *qʰram
*ɡ·ram
*ɡ·ram, *ɡ·ramʔ, *ɡ·rams, *qʰramʔ
*ɡ·ram, *ɡ·ramʔ, *qʰlam
*ɡ·ram
*ɡ·ramʔ, *ɡ·rams
*ɡ·ramʔ, *ɡ·rams
*ɡ·ramʔ, *kramʔ
*ɡ·ramʔ
*ɡ·rams
*skʰlam
*skʰlam
*skʰlam, *skʰlamʔ, *sqʰlam, *qʰramʔ
*skʰlam, *qʰramʔ
*kramʔ
*kramʔ
*ɡramʔ
*ŋramʔ, *rlɯmʔ, *kʰrɯmʔ
*ŋramʔ
*ŋramʔ, *hŋramʔ
*ŋramʔ, *ŋrams
*ŋrams
*qʰramʔ
*kams
*kams
𩏩 *qʰam

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (154)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠiᴇmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚiɛmX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiæmX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kjiamX/
Li
Rong
/kjɛmX/
Wang
Li
/kĭɛmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯ɛmX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiǎn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10210
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kramʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. eyelid

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. eyelid

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
まぶた
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Compound of (ma, eye, ancient combining form of modern reading me) +‎ (futa, lid).[1][2][3][4] The futa changes to buta as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana まぶた, rōmaji mabuta)

  1. (anatomy) eyelid
  2. (figuratively) memory
Derived terms[edit]
Idioms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
まなぶた
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Appears in the Man'yōshū, completed some time after 759 CE. Derived as a compound of (ma, eye, ancient combining form of modern reading me) +‎ (na, old variant of possessive particle no) +‎ (futa, lid).[1][2][3] The futa changes to buta as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana まなぶた, rōmaji manabuta)

  1. (anatomy, archaic, possibly obsolete) eyelid

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. 3.0 3.1 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0
  4. 4.0 4.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0
  5. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(geom) (hangeul , revised geom, McCune-Reischauer kŏm, Yale kem)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lim, kiểm, kèm, kẻm, liễm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]