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Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋrams): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *skʰlam)

Han character[edit]

(radical 187 +13, 23 strokes, cangjie input 尸火人一人 (SFOMO), four-corner 78336, composition)

  1. test, examine, inspect
  2. verify

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1445, character 40
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 45024
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1970, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4580, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+9A57

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ian⁵¹/
Harbin /ian⁵³/
Tianjin /ian⁵³/
Jinan /iã²¹/
Qingdao /iã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ian³¹²/
Xi'an /iã⁴⁴/
Xining /iã²¹³/
Yinchuan /ian¹³/
Lanzhou /iɛ̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /ian²¹³/
Wuhan /niɛn³⁵/
Chengdu /ȵian¹³/
Guiyang /nian²¹³/
/ian²¹³/
Kunming /iɛ̃²¹²/
Nanjing /ien⁴⁴/
Hefei /iĩ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /ie⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ie̞³⁵/
Hohhot /ie⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /e³⁵/
/i³⁵/
Suzhou /ȵiɪ³¹/
Hangzhou /ȵiẽ̞¹³/
Wenzhou /ȵi²²/
Hui Shexian /ne²²/
Tunxi /ȵiɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ȵiẽ⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /ȵiẽ⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /ȵiɛn²¹/
Hakka Meixian /ŋiam⁵³/
Taoyuan /ŋiɑm⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jim²²/
Nanning /jim²²/
Hong Kong /jim²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /giam²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋiɛŋ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋiŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ŋiam³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ŋiam³³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (154)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋˠiᴇmH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋᵚiɛmH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiæmH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋjiamH/
Li
Rong
/ŋjɛmH/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭɛmH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi̯ɛmH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngjemH ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-qʰr[a]m-s/
English verify

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10218
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋrams/

Definitions[edit]

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Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(heom) (hangeul , revised heom, McCune-Reischauer hŏm, Yale hem)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nghiệm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.