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U+557C, 啼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-557C

[U+557B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+557D]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30, +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 口卜月月 (RYBB), four-corner 60027, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 197, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3887
  • Dae Jaweon: page 418, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 659, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+557C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*rtaːɡs, *rteːɡs
*tʰeds, *teː
*teː, *teːɡs
*teːɡs
*teːɡs
*teːɡs
*teːɡs
*tʰeːɡs
*deː
*deː
*deː, *deːɡs
*deː
*deː
*deːɡs
*hljeɡs
*rteɡ, *teːɡ
*rteːɡ, *tʰeːɡ
*rteːɡ
*rteːɡ
*deɡ
*deɡ, *teːɡ
*tjeɡ, *hljeɡ, *teːɡ
*teːɡ
*teːɡ
*teːɡ
*teːɡ
*teːɡ, *deːɡ
*deːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *deː): semantic  (mouth) + phonetic  (OC *teːɡs).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • thài/tai2 - vernacular;
  • tì/ti2 - literary.
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • tiè - vernacular;
    • tà̤ - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • Xiamen, Quanzhou:
      • thî - vernacular;
      • thê - literary.
  • (Teochew)
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (7)
    Final () (39)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /dei/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /dei/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /dɛi/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /dɛj/
    Li
    Rong
    /dei/
    Wang
    Li
    /diei/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /dʱiei/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dej ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.lˁe/
    English weep, howl

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 2315
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*deː/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to cry loudly; to wail
    2. (dialectal, by extension) to cry; to weep
    3. (of birds or beasts) to call; to cry; to howl
      /   ―    ―  crows caw

    Synonyms[edit]

    • (to cry):
    edit
    Dialectal synonyms of (“to cry; to weep”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese ,
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) , 哭泣
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Harbin , 哭鼻子 humorous
    Jinan
    Muping
    Luoyang
    Wanrong
    Xi'an
    Xining
    Xuzhou
    Yinchuan , 哭鼻子
    Lanzhou
    Ürümqi
    Wuhan
    Chengdu
    Guiyang
    Yangzhou
    Nanjing , 哭鼻子 humorous
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou)
    Hong Kong (Kam Tin Weitou)
    Hong Kong (Ting Kok)
    Hong Kong (Tung Ping Chau)
    Macau
    Panyu
    Huadu (Huashan)
    Conghua
    Zengcheng
    Foshan
    Nanhai (Shatou)
    Shunde
    Sanshui
    Zhongshan (Shiqi)
    Zhuhai (Qianshan)
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
    Doumen
    Jiangmen (Baisha)
    Xinhui
    Taishan
    Kaiping (Chikan)
    Enping (Niujiang)
    Heshan (Yayao)
    Dongguan
    Bao'an (Shajing) ,
    Dapeng
    Yangjiang
    Nanning
    Danzhou
    Kuala Lumpur
    Ho Chi Minh City
    Gan Nanchang ,
    Lichuan
    Pingxiang
    Hakka Meixian , 叫眵, 叫嘴
    Xingning
    Huizhou (Huicheng Bendihua)
    Huidong (Daling)
    Dongguan (Qingxi)
    Shenzhen (Shatoujiao)
    Zhongshan (Wuguishan)
    Zhongshan (Nanlang Heshui)
    Wuhua (Shuizhai)
    Wuhua (Huacheng) , 叫嘴
    Wuhua (Changbu) , 叫嘴
    Wuhua (Mianyang) , 叫嘴
    Heyuan (Bendihua)
    Qujiang 叫嘴
    Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang)
    Liannan
    Conghua (Lütian)
    Jiexi
    Luchuan
    Changting
    Pingyu
    Wuping 叫嘴
    Liancheng
    Ninghua
    Yudu
    Ruijin
    Shicheng
    Shangyou
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) , 叫眵
    Liudui (S. Sixian) , 叫眵
    Hsinchu (Hailu) , 叫眵
    Dongshi (Dabu) , 叫眵
    Hsinchu (Raoping) , 唩眵
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Hong Kong
    Sabah (Longchuan) , 叫嘴
    Senai
    Singkawang
    Huizhou Jixi
    Jin Taiyuan
    Xinzhou
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Dikou
    Songxi
    Zhenghe
    Zhenqian
    Jianyang
    Wuyishan
    Shibei
    Min Dong Fuzhou , 啼嘛
    Changle
    Fuqing
    Yongtai
    Gutian
    Fu'an
    Ningde
    Shouning
    Zhouning
    Fuding ,
    Matsu , 啼嘛
    Min Nan Xiamen ,
    Quanzhou ,
    Yongchun
    Zhangzhou ,
    Taipei ,
    Kaohsiung ,
    Tainan ,
    Taichung ,
    Hsinchu ,
    Lukang ,
    Sanxia ,
    Yilan ,
    Kinmen
    Magong ,
    Penang
    Philippines (Manila)
    Longyan
    Zhangping
    Datian
    Pingnan
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Johor Bahru
    Wenchang
    Haikou
    Leizhou
    Puxian Min Putian
    Xianyou
    Pinghua Nanning
    Shehua Fu'an
    Fuding
    Luoyuan
    Sanming
    Shunchang
    Hua'an
    Guixi
    Cangnan
    Jingning
    Lishui
    Longyou
    Chaozhou
    Fengshun
    Wu Shanghai
    Suzhou
    Wuxi
    Hangzhou
    Wenzhou
    Chongming
    Danyang
    Jinhua
    Ningbo
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng
    Loudi
    Quanzhou

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. to cry, to call (e.g. as a bird does -- see 鳴く)

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (je) (hangeul , revised je, McCune–Reischauer che, Yale cey)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (đề)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.