鳴く

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "鳴く"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
鳴く [nàkú]
Imperative (命令形) 鳴け [nàké]
Key constructions
Passive 鳴かれる かれる [nàkárérú]
Causative 鳴かせる かせる [nàkásérú]
Potential 鳴ける ける [nàkérú]
Volitional 鳴こう [nàkóꜜò]
Negative 鳴かない かない [nàkánáí]
Negative perfective 鳴かなかった かなかった [nàkánáꜜkàttà]
Formal 鳴きます きま [nàkímáꜜsù]
Perfective 鳴いた いた [nàítá]
Conjunctive 鳴いて いて [nàíté]
Hypothetical conditional 鳴けば [nàkéꜜbà]

Verb[edit]

() (nakugodan (stem () (naki), past ()いた (naita))

  1. (of an animal) to call, to make noise; e.g., a bird's singing
    (まど)(そと)小鳥(ことり)()いた
    Mado no soto de kotori ga naita.
    A little bird sang outside my window.

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN