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U+8E44, 蹄
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8E44

[U+8E43]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8E45]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 157, +9, 16 strokes, cangjie input 口一卜月月 (RMYBB), four-corner 60127, composition𧾷)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1230, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 37724
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1702, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3725, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+8E44

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (7)
Final () (39)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/dei/
Pan
Wuyun
/dei/
Shao
Rongfen
/dɛi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dɛj/
Li
Rong
/dei/
Wang
Li
/diei/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱiei/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2316
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*deː/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. hoof
      ―  zi  ―  hoof
    /   ―    ―  horse's hoof
  2. leg of pork
  3. (derogatory) wench(clarification of this definition is needed)

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (literary) to kick

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. hoof

Readings[edit]

  • Go-on: だい (dai)
  • Kan-on: てい (tei)
  • Kun: ひづめ (hizume, )

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひづめ
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi
(hizume): the hooves of a horse.
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Compound of (hi, of indeterminate origin) +‎ (tsume, nail, claw).[1][2][3] The tsume changes to zume as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Compare the formation of related terms 平爪 (hirazume, nail, literally flat nail), 鉤爪 (kagizume, claw, literally hook nail).

First cited to roughly 934 C.E. in the Wamyō Ruijushō.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(ひづめ) (hizume

  1. a hoof
  2. (figuratively, uncommon) an excellent horse, a fast horse
    Synonym: 駿馬 (shunme)
  3. (rare) an ungulate, a hoofed animal
    Synonyms: 有蹄動物 (yūtei dōbutsu) (an ungulate, a hoofed animal), 有蹄類 (yūteirui) (ungulate as a type of animal)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(je) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: đề, đế

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.