tír

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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish tír, from Proto-Celtic *tīros, from Proto-Indo-European *ters- (dry), i.e. ‘dry land’ as opposed to lake or sea. Cognates include English thirst, Latin terra.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tír f or m (genitive singular tíre, nominative plural tíortha)

  1. land, country
    1. state, nation
    2. region, district, territory; people of country
    3. rural district(s)
    4. land (as opposed to sea)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
tír thír dtír
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • “tír” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 2nd ed., 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen.

Further reading[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *tīros, from Proto-Indo-European *ters- (dry), i.e. ‘dry land’ as opposed to lake or sea. Cognates include English thirst, Latin terra.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (nominative/vocative/accusative singular and dual) /tʲiːr/, (dative singular) /tʲiːrʲ/

Noun[edit]

tír n (genitive tíre, nominative plural tíre)

  1. land, country, territory, ground

Declension[edit]

Neuter s-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative tírN tírN tíreL
Vocative tírN tírN tíreL
Accusative tírN tírN tíreL
Genitive tíreL tíre tíreN
Dative tírL tírib tírib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: tír
  • Manx: çheer
  • Scottish Gaelic: tìr

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
tír thír tír
pronounced with /d(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]