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U+9664, 除
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9664

[U+9663]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9665]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 170 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 弓中人一木 (NLOMD), four-corner 78294, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1352, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41669
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1854, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4132, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+9664

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
除-bigseal.svg 除-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*lja, *laː
*rlaː
*rlaː, *ɦlja, *l'aː
*rlaː, *l̥ʰaː, *l'aː
*rlaː
*rlaː, *l'aː
*ɦlja
*hljaː
*hljaː, *la
*hljaːʔ, *hljaːs
*hljaːʔ
*hljaːʔ, *hljaːs
*hljaːs
*l̥ʰaː, *l̥ʰaːʔ
*l̥ʰaː, *l̥ʰas, *las
*l̥ʰaː
*l̥ʰaː, *l'aː
*l'aː
*l'aː
*l'aː
*l'aː, *la
*l'aː, *l'a
*l'aː
*l'aː
*l'aː, *l̥ʰa
*l'aː
*lja
*lja
*ljaʔ
*ljaʔ
*l'a, *l'as
*rla
*rla
*rla
*ɦlja, *la
*hljaː
*hlja
*la
*la
*la
*la
*la
*las

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l'a, *l'as): semantic  + phonetic (OC *la).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (11) (11)
Final () (22) (22)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖɨʌ/ /ɖɨʌH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖiɔ/ /ɖiɔH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡiɔ/ /ȡiɔH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖɨə̆/ /ɖɨə̆H/
Li
Rong
/ȡiɔ/ /ȡiɔH/
Wang
Li
/ȡĭo/ /ȡĭoH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱi̯wo/ /ȡʱi̯woH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chú zhù
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chú zhù
Middle
Chinese
‹ drjo › ‹ drjoH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[l]<r>a/ /*lra-s/
English remove; get rid of pass away

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 15788 15793
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l'a/ /*l'as/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to remove; to get rid of
  2. to exclude
  3. (archaic) to be assigned to a new post; to stop serving in one post, and begin serving in another
  4. except
  5. (mathematics) to divide; division

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(je)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: je, McCune-Reischauer: che, Yale: cey)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(trừ, chờ, chừ, chừa, hờ, khừ, xờ, , giờ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.