바르다

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Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as ᄇᆞᄅᆞ다 (Yale: polota).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

바르다 ‎(bareuda) ‎(infinitive 발라, sequential 바르니)

  1. (…을 …에, …을 …으로) To hang, paper; to stick the paper and the cloth piece which applied paste on the surface of other objects
    • 벽지를 벽에 바르다‎ ― byeokjireul byeoge bareuda ― put wallpaper on a wall
    • 한지를 바른 유리창‎ ― hanjireul bareun yurichang ― the window which papered hanji
    • 아이들 방을 예쁜 벽지로 발랐다.
      Aideul bang-eul yeppeun byeokjiro ballatda.
      I papered children's room with pretty wallpaper.
  2. (…을 …에, …을 …으로) To cover, plaster, cement; to attach to the surface of other objects equally the dirt etc. which were kneaded sticky in piles
    • 흙을 벽에 바르다‎ ― heulgeul byeoge bareuda ― plaster wall with dirt
    • 벽의 구멍을 흙으로 발랐다.
      Byeogui gumeong-eul heulgeuro ballatda.
      I plastered the hole of wall with dirt.
  3. (…에 …을) To apply, spread, rub, put on; to rub water, paste, medicine, cosmetics, etc. on the surface of an object, and attach them
    • 상처에 약을 바르다‎ ― sangcheo-e yageul bareuda ― paint a wound
    • 얼굴에 분을 바르다‎ ― eolgure buneul bareuda ― powder one's face
    • 입술에 립스틱을 바르다‎ ― ipsure ripseutigeul bareuda ― rouge one's lips
    • 도자기에 유약을 바르다‎ ― dojagie yuyageul bareuda ― glaze ceramics
    • 밤참으로 식빵에 버터를 발라 먹었다.
      Bamchameuro sikppang-e beoteoreul balla meogeotda.
      I had the bread and butter for a night snack.
    • 머리에 기름을 발랐다.
      Meorie gireumeul ballatda.
      I greased my hair.

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

First attested in the Neungeomgyeong eonhae (楞嚴經諺解 / 능엄경언해), 1461, as ᄇᆞ리다 (Yale: polita).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

바르다 ‎(bareuda) ‎(infinitive 발라, sequential 바르니)

  1. (…을) To peel, flay; to take out the contents which removed the skin and are contained in inside
    • 밤을 바르다‎ ― bameul bareuda ― crack chestnuts
    • 씨를 바르다‎ ― ssireul bareuda ― remove a seed
  2. (…을) To bone, debone; to remove the meat attached to the bone, or take out fish bones
    • 생선을 발라 먹다‎ ― saengseoneul balla meokda ― eat fish after boning it
    • 생선 가시를 발라서 버리다‎ ― saengseon gasireul ballaseo beorida ― throw away a fish bone, after boning a fish
Related terms[edit]

Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

First attested in the Neungeomgyeong eonhae (楞嚴經諺解 / 능엄경언해), 1461, as 바ᄅᆞ다 (Yale: palota).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

바르다 ‎(bareuda) ‎(infinitive 발라, sequential 바르니)

  1. To be straight, upright, erect; to do not have the bent or curved place by appearance
    • 길이 바르다.
      Giri bareuda.
      The road is straight.
    • 줄을 바르게 서다‎ ― jureul bareuge seoda ― line up straight
    • 선을 바르게 긋다‎ ― seoneul bareuge geutda ― draw a straight line
    • 옷매무새를 바르게 하다‎ ― onmaemusaereul bareuge hada ― adjust one's dress
    • 의자에 바르게 앉아라.
      Uija-e bareuge anjara.
      Sit in a chair straight.
    • 장롱에 이불을 바르게 개 넣어라.
      Jangnong-e ibureul bareuge gae neo-eora.
      Fold and put a bed in the wardrobe.
  2. To be right; to comply with the social norm or reason without violation (one's words or behavior)
    • 예의가 바르다‎ ― ye-uiga bareuda ― be polite
    • 생각이 바른 사람‎ ― saenggagi bareun saram ― the person with right thinking
    • 마음가짐이 바르다.
      Ma-eumgajimi bareuda.
      He's mental attitude is right.
    • 행실이 바르다.
      Haengsiri bareuda.
      His behavior is right.
    • 그는 몸가짐을 늘 바르게 한다.
      Geuneun momgajimeul neul bareuge handa.
      He makes behavior always right.
    • 그는 회사에서 가장 인사성이 바른 사람이다.
      Geuneun hoesa-eseo gajang insaseong-i bareun saramida.
      He is the most polite person in a company.
  3. To be right, correct, honest, frank; to do not have an inconsistency with the fact
    • 역사를 바르게 이해하다‎ ― yeoksareul bareuge ihaehada ― understand history correctly
    • 숨기지 말고 바르게 대답하시오.
      Sumgiji malgo bareuge daedaphasio.
      Don't hide and answer correctly.
  4. To be sunshiny; to be sunny, without darkening
    • 기르던 잉꼬가 죽자 아이들은 양지가 바른 곳에 묻어 주었다.
      Gireudeon ingkkoga jukja aideureun yangjiga bareun gose mudeo jueotda.
      When the kept parrot died, children buried to the sunny place.

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Of native Korean origin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

바르다 ‎(bareuda) ‎(infinitive 발라, sequential 바르니)

  1. To be uncommon, insufficient; to be not common or do not reach sufficient degree

Conjugation[edit]