바르다

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Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as ᄇᆞᄅᆞ다 (Yale: polota).

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

바르다 (bareuda)

  1. (…을 …에, …을 …으로) To hang, paper; to stick the paper and the cloth piece which applied paste on the surface of other objects
    • 벽지를 벽에 바르다
      byeokjireul byeoge bareuda
      put wallpaper on a wall
    • 한지를 바른 유리창
      hanjireul bareun yurichang
      the window which papered hanji
    • 아이들 방을 예쁜 벽지로 발랐다.
      aideul bangeul yeppeun byeokjiro ballatda
      I papered children's room with pretty wallpaper.
  2. (…을 …에, …을 …으로) To cover, plaster, cement; to attach to the surface of other objects equally the dirt etc. which were kneaded sticky in piles
    • 흙을 벽에 바르다
      heugeul byeoge bareuda
      plaster wall with dirt
    • 벽의 구멍을 흙으로 발랐다.
      byeogui gumeongeul heulgeuro ballatda
      I plastered the hole of wall with dirt.
  3. (…에 …을) To apply, spread, rub, put on; to rub water, paste, medicine, cosmetics, etc. on the surface of an object, and attach them
    • 상처에 약을 바르다
      sangcheoe yageul bareuda
      paint a wound
    • 얼굴에 분을 바르다
      eolgure buneul bareuda
      powder one's face
    • 도자기에 유약을 바르다
      dojagie yuyageul bareuda
      glaze ceramics
    • 밤참으로 식빵에 버터를 발라 먹었다.
      bamchmeuro sikppange beoteoreul balla meogeotda
      I had the bread and butter for a night snack.
    • 머리에 기름을 발랐다.
      meorie gireumeul ballatda
      I greased my hair.
    • 입술에 립스틱을 바르다
      ipsure ripseutigeul bareuda
      rouge one's lips
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

First attested in the Neungeomgyeong eonhae (楞嚴經諺解 / 능엄경언해), 1461, as ᄇᆞ리다 (Yale: polita).

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

바르다 (bareuda)

  1. (…을) To peel, flay; to take out the contents which removed the skin and are contained in inside
    • 밤을 바르다
      bameul bareuda
      crack chestnuts
    • 씨를 바르다
      ssireul bareuda
      remove a seed
  2. (…을) To bone, debone; to remove the meat attached to the bone, or take out fish bones
    • 생선을 발라 먹다
      saengseoneul balla meokda
      eat fish after boning it
    • 생선 가시를 발라서 버리다
      saengseon gasireul ballaseo beorida
      throw away a fish bone, after boning a fish
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

First attested in the Neungeomgyeong eonhae (楞嚴經諺解 / 능엄경언해), 1461, as 바ᄅᆞ다 (Yale: palota).

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjugation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

바르다 (bareuda)

  1. To be straight, upright, erect; to do not have the bent or curved place by appearance
    • 길이 바르다.
      giri bareuda
      The road is straight.
    • 줄을 바르게 서다
      jureul bareuge seoda
      line up straight
    • 선을 바르게 긋다
      seoneul bareuge geutda
      draw a straight line
    • 의자에 바르게 앉아라.
      uijae bareuge anjara
      Sit in a chair straight.
    • 장롱에 이불을 바르게 개 넣어라.
      jangnonge ibureul bareuge gae neoeora
      Fold and put a bed in the wardrobe.
    • 옷매무새를 바르게 하다
      onmaemusaereul bareuge hada
      adjust one's dress
  2. To be right; to comply with the social norm or reason without violation (one's words or behavior)
    • 생각이 바른 사람
      saenggagi bareun saram
      the person with right thinking
    • 마음가짐이 바르다.
      maeumgajimi bareuda
      He's mental attitude is right.
    • 예의가 바르다
      yeuiga bareuda
      be polite
    • 행실이 바르다.
      haengsiri bareuda
      His behavior is right.
    • 그는 몸가짐을 늘 바르게 한다.
      geuneun momgajimeul neul bareuge handa
      He makes behavior always right.
    • 그는 회사에서 가장 인사성이 바른 사람이다.
      geuneun hoesaeseo gajang insaseongi bareun saramida
      He is the most polite person in a company.
  3. To be right, correct, honest, frank; to do not have an inconsistency with the fact
    • 숨기지 말고 바르게 대답하시오.
      sumgiji malgo bareuge daedapasio
      Don't hide and answer correctly.
    • 역사를 바르게 이해하다
      yeoksareul bareuge ihaehada
      understand history correctly
  4. To be sunshiny; to be sunny, without darkening
    • 기르던 잉꼬가 죽자 아이들은 양지가 바른 곳에 묻어 주었다.
      gireudeon ingkkoga jukja aideureun yangjiga bareun gose mudeo jueotda
      When the kept parrot died, children buried to the sunny place.
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Of native Korean origin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjugation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

바르다 (bareuda)

  1. To be uncommon, insufficient; to be not common or do not reach sufficient degree