머리

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Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean 머리〮 (Yale: mèlí).

Also attested in the Worin cheongangjigok (月印千江之曲 / 월인천강지곡), 1449, as Middle Korean 마리〮 (Yale: màlí).

Originally identical to the modern animal classifier 마리 (mari).

Beyond Middle Korean, attested in the twelfth-century Jilin leishi word-list as *mati, thus a case of intervocalic lenition. Perhaps cognate with Middle Korean ᄆᆞᆮ (mot, eldest child), modern 맞이 (maji), but the vocalism is different.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [mʌ̹ɾi]
    • (file)
  • Phonetic hangeul: []
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?meori
Revised Romanization (translit.)?meoli
McCune–Reischauer?mŏri
Yale Romanization?meli

South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: 리의 / 리에 / 리까지

Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes high pitch only on the first syllable, and lowers the pitch of subsequent suffixes.

Noun[edit]

머리 (meori)

  1. head
  2. intelligence
  3. hair
  4. the leader of a group
  5. the radical at the top of a Chinese character
  6. the top or front of an object

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • National Institute of the Korean Language (Naver.com mirror), “머리”, in 표준국어대사전[1], retrieved 2006-12-31
  • Seo Jeong-beom (서정범), “머리”, in ()()()()()(), Seoul: Bogosa Books, 2000, page 246