알다

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Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean 알〯다〮 (Yale: ǎltá).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ˈa̠(ː)ɭda̠]
    • (file)
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?alda
Revised Romanization (translit.)?alda
McCune–Reischauer?alda
Yale Romanization?ālta

Verb[edit]

알다 (alda) (infinitive 알아, sequential 아니)

  1. (transitive) to know, understand (to have information or knowledge about an object or situation through education, experience, thoughts, etc.)
    그들 알고 있는 무엇 안다.
    Nan geudeuri algo inneun geosi mueodinji anda.
    I know just what they know.
    전화번호 알아요?
    Je jeonhwabeonho arayo?
    Do you know my phone number?
  2. to know; realize (to realize or feel a fact or situation through awareness or senses.)
  3. to know; understand; appreciate (to realize or feel a psychological state in one's mind.)
  4. be on one's own; be independent
  5. to know; can
  6. be one's concern
  7. to know; realize; realize the fun in
  8. to care about
  9. will; say yes
  10. to know (to have met someone before or get along with him/her as an acquaintance.)
  11. to regard; think of
  12. to know; think (to consider or assume a fact as being of a certain quality.)

Conjugation[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

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