알다

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Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean 알다 (Yale: alta).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • IPA(key)[ˈa̠ːɭda̠]
  • Phonetic Hangul[ː]
Revised Romanization? alda
Revised Romanization (translit.)? alda
McCune–Reischauer? alda
Yale Romanization? ālta

Verb[edit]

알다 (alda) (infinitive 알아, sequential 아니)

  1. (transitive) to know, understand (To have information or knowledge about an object or situation through education, experience, thoughts, etc.)
    난 그들이 알고 있는 것이 무엇인지 안다. 
    Nan geudeuri algo inneun geosi mueodinji anda.
    I know just what they know.
  2. to know; realize (To realize or feel a fact or situation through awareness or senses.)
    • 2018, Experts: Polio Could Again Spread Worldwide
      그러한 팀들은 그 지역의 문화와 관습을 잘 것 같다. 
      Geureohan timdeureun geu jiyeogui munhwawa gwanseubeul jal al geot gatda.
      Such teams are likely to be aware of an area’s culture and customs.
  3. to know; understand; appreciate (To realize or feel a psychological state in one's mind.)
  4. be on one's own; be independent
  5. to know; can
  6. be one's concern
  7. to know; realize; realize the fun in
  8. to care about
  9. will; say yes
    그녀에게 당신이 여기 있다고 말해요. — 알겠어요. 고마워요. 피트 
    Geunyeo-ege dangsini yeogi itdago malhaeyo. — algesseoyo. Gomawoyo. Piteu
    Tell her you’re here.—Right, thanks, Pete.
    2016, VOA Learning English (public domain)
  10. to know (To have met someone before or get along with him/her as an acquaintance.)
    마샤가 제 룸메이트이에요. — 저는 마샤를 알고 지내요. 좋은 분이지요. 
    Masyaga je rummeiteu-ieyo. — jeoneun masyareul algo jinaeyo. Joeun bunijiyo.
    Marsha is my roommate. — I know Marsha. She is nice.
    2016, VOA Learning English (public domain)
  11. to regard; think of
  12. to know; think (To consider or assume a fact as being of a certain quality.)

Conjugation[edit]


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