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U+90ED, 郭
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-90ED

[U+90EC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+90EE]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 163, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 卜木弓中 (YDNL), four-corner 07427, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1273, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39474
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1771, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3780, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+90ED

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
郭-seal.svg 郭-bigseal.svg

Pictogram (象形):  (tall building) +  (city) – a city with tall buildings.

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • keh/kerh/koeh - vernacular (incl. surname);
  • kok - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /kuo⁵⁵/
    Harbin /kuo⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /kuo²¹/
    Jinan /kuə²¹³/
    Qingdao /kuə⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /kuo²⁴/
    Xi'an /kuo²¹/
    Xining /ku⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /kuə¹³/
    Lanzhou /kuə¹³/
    Ürümqi /kuɤ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /kuo²¹³/
    Chengdu /kue³¹/
    /ko³¹/
    Guiyang /ko²¹/
    Kunming /ko³¹/
    Nanjing /kueʔ⁵/
    Hefei /kuɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /kuəʔ²/
    Pingyao /kuʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /kuəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /koʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /koʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /koʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /ko²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /kɔʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /ko⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /ko²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ko²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /kuɔʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /kuok̚¹/
    Taoyuan /kok̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kwɔk̚³/
    Nanning /kʰɔk̚³³/
    Hong Kong /kwɔk̚³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kɔk̚³²/
    /keʔ³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kuɔʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kua²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kueʔ²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /kɔk̚⁵/
    /kue⁵⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (104)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kwɑk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʷɑk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kuɑk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kwak̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /kuɑk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /kuɑk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kwɑk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    guo
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    guō
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kwak ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʷˁak/
    English outer wall

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 4752
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʷaːɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. outer city wall
    2. () Guo (a village in Dongsong, Luoning, Luoyang, Henan, China)
    3. A surname​.

    Descendants[edit]

    • English: Guo, Kuo, Kwok
    • Tagalog: Kwek, Que

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. Quarter (of a city)
    2. Enclosure

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    くるわ
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    Noun[edit]

    (くるわ) (kuruwa

    1. Alternative spelling of 曲輪

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gwak) (hangeul , revised gwak, McCune–Reischauer kwak, Yale kwak)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (quách, Quách)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.