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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形):  ‎(tall building) +  ‎(city) – a city with tall buildings.

Han character[edit]

(radical 163 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 卜木弓中 (YDNL), four-corner 07427, composition)

  1. outer part (of a city)
  2. used as a surname

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1273, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39474
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1771, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3780, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+90ED

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kuo⁵⁵/
Harbin /kuo⁴⁴/
Tianjin /kuo²¹/
Jinan /kuə²¹³/
Qingdao /kuə⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /kuo²⁴/
Xi'an /kuo²¹/
Xining /ku⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kuə¹³/
Lanzhou /kuə¹³/
Ürümqi /kuɤ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /kuo²¹³/
Chengdu /kue³¹/
/ko³¹/
Guiyang /ko²¹/
Kunming /ko³¹/
Nanjing /kueʔ⁵/
Hefei /kuɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /kuəʔ²/
Pingyao /kuʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /kuəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /koʔ⁵/
Suzhou /koʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /koʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /ko²¹³/
Hui Shexian /kɔʔ²¹/
Tunxi /ko⁵/
Xiang Changsha /ko²⁴/
Xiangtan /ko²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /kuɔʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kuok̚¹/
Taoyuan /kok̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kwɔk̚³/
Nanning /kʰɔk̚³³/
Hong Kong /kwɔk̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kɔk̚³²/
/keʔ³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kuɔʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kua²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kueʔ²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kɔk̚⁵/
/kue⁵⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (104)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kwɑk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷɑk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwak̚/
Li
Rong
/kuɑk̚/
Wang
Li
/kuɑk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kwɑk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guo
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
guō
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwak ›
Old
Chinese
/*kʷˤak/
English outer wall

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4752
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʷaːɡ/

Noun[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​.

Descendants[edit]

  • (Hokkien dialect) Tagalog: Kwok, Que

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gwak) (hangeul , revised gwak, McCune-Reischauer kwak, Yale kwak)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(quách)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.