From French sarcophage, from Latin sarcophagus, from Ancient Greek σαρκοφάγος (sarkophágos, “coffin of limestone”, noun), so named from a supposed property of consuming the flesh of corpses laid in it, from σαρκοφάγος (sarkophágos, “flesh-eating, carnivorous”), from genitive σαρκός (sarkós) of σάρξ (sárx, “flesh, meat”) + -φάγος (-phágos) (from ἔφαγον (éphagon), past of φάγω (phágō, “eat”))
sarcophagus (plural sarcophagi or sarcophaguses)
- A stone coffin, often inscribed or decorated with sculpture.
- (informal) The cement and steel structure that encases the destroyed reactor at the power station in Chernobyl, Ukraine.
- (historical) A kind of limestone used by the Greeks for coffins, so called because it was thought to consume the flesh of corpses.
- (historical) An 18th-century form of wine cooler.
From Ancient Greek σαρκοφάγος (sarkophágos, “coffin of limestone”), σαρκοφάγος (sarkophágos, “flesh-eating, carnivorous”).
sarcophagus f (genitive sarcophagī); second declension
- a grave, sepulchre
sarcophagus (feminine sarcophaga, neuter sarcophagum); first/second-declension adjective
- flesh-devouring, carnivorous
- a kind of limestone used for coffins