sarcophagus

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English[edit]

A sarcophagus (coffin).

Etymology[edit]

From French sarcophage, from Latin sarcophagus, from Ancient Greek σαρκοφάγος (sarkophágos, coffin of limestone, noun), so named from a supposed property of consuming the flesh of corpses laid in it, from σαρκοφάγος (sarkophágos, flesh-eating, carnivorous), from genitive σαρκός (sarkós) of σάρξ (sárx, flesh, meat) + -φάγος (-phágos) (from ἔφαγον (éphagon), past of φάγω (phágō, eat))

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /sɑː(ɹ)ˈkɒfəɡəs/

Noun[edit]

sarcophagus (plural sarcophagi or sarcophaguses)

  1. A stone coffin, often inscribed or decorated with sculpture.
  2. (informal) The cement and steel structure that encases the destroyed reactor at the power station in Chernobyl, Ukraine.
  3. (historical) A kind of limestone used by the Greeks for coffins, so called because it was thought to consume the flesh of corpses.
  4. (historical) An 18th-century form of wine cooler.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek σαρκοφάγος (sarkophágos, coffin of limestone), σαρκοφάγος (sarkophágos, flesh-eating, carnivorous).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sarcophagus f (genitive sarcophagī); second declension

  1. a grave, sepulchre

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative sarcophagus sarcophagī
Genitive sarcophagī sarcophagōrum
Dative sarcophagō sarcophagīs
Accusative sarcophagum sarcophagōs
Ablative sarcophagō sarcophagīs
Vocative sarcophage sarcophagī

Descendants[edit]

  • English: sarcophagus
  • French: cercueil (inherited), sarcophage (borrowed)

Adjective[edit]

sarcophagus (feminine sarcophaga, neuter sarcophagum); first/second-declension adjective

  1. flesh-devouring, carnivorous
  2. a kind of limestone used for coffins

Declension[edit]

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative sarcophagus sarcophaga sarcophagum sarcophagī sarcophagae sarcophaga
Genitive sarcophagī sarcophagae sarcophagī sarcophagōrum sarcophagārum sarcophagōrum
Dative sarcophagō sarcophagō sarcophagīs
Accusative sarcophagum sarcophagam sarcophagum sarcophagōs sarcophagās sarcophaga
Ablative sarcophagō sarcophagā sarcophagō sarcophagīs
Vocative sarcophage sarcophaga sarcophagum sarcophagī sarcophagae sarcophaga

References[edit]