λίθος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Has been compared to λεῖος ‎(leîos, smooth), λιτός ‎(litós, simple, plain), Latin laedō ‎(to strike, hurt), and Lithuanian slidùs. Beekes argues for a Pre-Greek origin, noting that words for "stone" are often taken from a substrate language.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

λίθος ‎(líthosm ‎(genitive λίθου); second declension liqos lithos may be Romanised forms of Ancient Greek λίθος.

  1. a stone
  2. stone as a substance

Usage notes[edit]

Λίθος is sometimes used as a feminine noun. This often (but not always) is used to refer to some special stone, such as a gem or magnet.

Inflection[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • λίθος in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • «λίθος» in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • «λίθος» in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • «λίθος» in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • «λίθος» in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English-Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.

Greek[edit]

Noun[edit]

λίθος ‎(líthosm ‎(plural λίθοι)

  1. stone (building material)
    θεμέλιος λίθος (foundation stone)
  2. (medicine) stone, calculus
  3. (archaeology) stone
    εποχή του λίθου (stone age)

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]