Has been compared to λεῖος (leîos, “smooth”), λιτός (litós, “simple, plain”), Latin laedō (“to strike, hurt”), and Lithuanian slidùs. Beekes argues for a Pre-Greek origin, noting that words for "stone" are often taken from a substrate language.
- (5th BC Attic): IPA: /lítʰos/
- (1st BC Egyptian): IPA: /lítʰos/
- (4th AD Koine): IPA: /líθos/
- (10th AD Byzantine): IPA: /líθos/
- (15th AD Constantinopolitan): IPA: /líθos/
- a stone
- stone as a substance
Λίθος is sometimes used as a feminine noun. This often (but not always) is used to refer to some special stone, such as a gem or magnet.
- Bauer lexicon
- G3037 in Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible.
- Robert S. P. Beekes (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers
- stone (building material)
- θεμέλιος λίθος (foundation stone)
- (medicine) stone, calculus
- (archaeology) stone
- εποχή του λίθου (stone age)
- λιθόσφαιρα f (lithósfaira, “lithosphere”)
- λιθογραφία f (lithografía, “lithograph, lithography”)
- λιθόστρωτο n (lithóstroto, “cobblestone”)