λίθος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Has been compared to λεῖος (leîos, smooth), λιτός (litós, simple, plain), Latin laedō (to strike, hurt), and Lithuanian slidùs. Beekes argues for a Pre-Greek origin, noting that words for "stone" are often taken from a substrate language.

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /lí.tʰos/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈli.tʰos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈli.θos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈli.θos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈli.θos/
  • Noun[edit]

    λῐ́θος (líthosm (genitive λῐ́θου); second declension

    1. a stone
    2. stone as a substance

    Usage notes[edit]

    Λίθος is sometimes used as a feminine noun. This often (but not always) is used to refer to some special stone, such as a gem or magnet.

    Inflection[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Further reading[edit]


    Greek[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Ancient Greek λίθος (líthos).

    Noun[edit]

    λίθος (líthosm (plural λίθοι)

    1. stone (building material)
      θεμέλιος λίθοςthemélios líthosfoundation stone
    2. (medicine) stone, calculus
    3. (archaeology) stone
      Εποχή του ΛίθουEpochí tou LíthouStone Age

    Declension[edit]

    Coordinate terms[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]