老師

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Chinese[edit]

 
old; aged; venerable; outdated; experienced; (affectionate prefix)
 
a division (milit.); teacher; master; expert; model
trad. (老師)
simp. (老师)

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: lao2 se1 - Chaozhou.

Noun[edit]

老師

  1. teacher (Classifier: ; ; )
    特教老師 / 特教老师  ―  tèjiào lǎoshī  ―  special ed teacher
    老師壓力 [MSC, trad.]
    老师压力 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ de lǎoshī gěi wǒ hěn dà yālì. [Pinyin]
    My teacher puts me under a lot of pressure.
  2. a polite term of address for an adult

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 老師 (“teacher”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 教師
Mandarin Beijing 老師
Taiwan 老師
Jinan 老師先生
Xi'an 老師先生
Wuhan 老師教師
Chengdu 老師先生
Yangzhou 教師先生老師
Hefei 教師老師先生
Cantonese Guangzhou 老師先生
Hong Kong 老師先生阿Sir male搣匙 female
Taishan 老師先生
Yangjiang 老師先生
Gan Nanchang 老師先生
Hakka Meixian 老師先生
Jin Taiyuan 老師先生
Min Bei Jian'ou 老師先生
Min Dong Fuzhou 先生老師
Min Nan Xiamen 先生老師
Quanzhou 先生老師
Zhangzhou 先生老師教學仔教冊仔
Taipei 先生老師
Kaohsiung 先生老師
Tainan 先生老師
Taichung 先生老師
Hsinchu 先生
Lukang 先生老師
Sanxia 先生老師
Yilan 先生老師
Kinmen 先生
Magong 先生
Penang 先生老師
Wu Shanghai 老師教師教書先生
Suzhou 教師教書先生
Wenzhou 教師教書先生先生
Xiang Changsha 老師教書先生
Shuangfeng 老師教書先生

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (老師):

Others:

References[edit]

  • Entry #2712”, in 臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典 [Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan] (in Chinese and Min Nan), Ministry of Education, R.O.C., 2011.
  • Duffus, William, “teach” (p. 266) in English-Chinese Vocabulary of the Vernacular or Spoken Language of Swatow, English Presbyterian Mission Press, 1883.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ろう
Grade: 4

Grade: 5
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

/rauɕi//rɔːɕi//roːɕi/

From Middle Chinese compound 老師 (MC lɑuX ʃˠiɪ). Compare modern Mandarin 老師 (lǎoshī).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

老師 (hiragana ろうし, rōmaji rōshi, historical hiragana らうし)

  1. an old master or teacher
  2. (Buddhism) an elderly monk, especially one who is learned and virtuous
  3. (from the way that (shi) can also mean "a military group") the exhaustion of military troops from fighting a protracted war

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

老師 (nosa) (hangeul 노사)

  1. Hanja form? of 노사 (an elderly monk; a sage; an elderly teacher or master).