老師

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Chinese[edit]

 
old; aged; venerable; outdated; experienced; (affectionate prefix)
 
a division (milit.); teacher; master; expert; model
trad. (老師)
simp. (老师)
variant forms 老濕老湿 slang

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: lao2 se1 - Chaozhou.

Noun[edit]

老師

  1. teacher (Classifier: ; ; )
    特教老師 / 特教老师  ―  tèjiào lǎoshī  ―  special ed teacher
    老師請教 / 老师请教  ―  xiàng lǎoshī qǐngjiào  ―  to ask for advice from the teacher
    老師壓力 [MSC, trad.]
    老师压力 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ de lǎoshī gěi wǒ hěn dà yālì. [Pinyin]
    My teacher puts me under a lot of pressure.
  2. a polite term of address for an adult

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 老師 (“teacher”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 教師
Mandarin Beijing 老師
Taiwan 老師
Jinan 老師, 先生
Xi'an 老師, 先生
Wuhan 老師, 教師
Chengdu 老師, 先生
Yangzhou 教師, 先生, 老師
Hefei 教師, 老師, 先生
Cantonese Guangzhou 老師, 先生
Hong Kong 老師, 先生, 阿Sir male, 搣匙 female
Taishan 老師, 先生
Yangjiang 老師, 先生
Gan Nanchang 老師, 先生
Hakka Meixian 老師, 先生
Jin Taiyuan 老師, 先生
Min Bei Jian'ou 老師, 先生
Min Dong Fuzhou 先生, 老師
Min Nan Xiamen 先生, 老師
Quanzhou 先生, 老師
Zhangzhou 先生, 老師, 教學仔, 教冊仔
Taipei 先生, 老師
Kaohsiung 先生, 老師
Tainan 先生, 老師
Taichung 先生, 老師
Hsinchu 先生
Lukang 先生, 老師
Sanxia 先生, 老師
Yilan 先生, 老師
Kinmen 先生
Magong 先生
Penang 先生, 老師
Wu Shanghai 老師, 教師, 教書先生
Suzhou 教師, 教書先生
Wenzhou 教師, 教書先生, 先生
Xiang Changsha 老師, 教書先生
Shuangfeng 老師, 教書先生

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (老師):

Others:

References[edit]

  • Entry #2712”, in 臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典 [Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan] (in Chinese and Min Nan), Ministry of Education, R.O.C., 2011.
  • Duffus, William (1883), “teach”, in English-Chinese Vocabulary of the Vernacular or Spoken Language of Swatow, Swatow: English Presbyterian Mission Press, page 266

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ろう
Grade: 4

Grade: 5
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

/rauɕi//rɔːɕi//roːɕi/

From Middle Chinese compound 老師 (MC lɑuX ʃˠiɪ). Compare modern Mandarin 老師 (lǎoshī).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

老師 (hiragana ろうし, rōmaji rōshi, historical hiragana らうし)

  1. an old master or teacher
  2. (Buddhism) an elderly monk, especially one who is learned and virtuous
  3. (from the way that (shi) can also mean "a military group") the exhaustion of military troops from fighting a protracted war

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

老師 (nosa) (hangeul 노사)

  1. Hanja form? of 노사 (an elderly monk; a sage; an elderly teacher or master).