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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

 +  +  – the top 東 + 東 have merged, and resembles the unrelated with an extra 一 stroke.

Han character[edit]

(radical 73 +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 廿田日 (TWA), four-corner 55606)

  1. plaintiff and defendant
  2. division department of the central government in ancient times
  3. official
  4. group, team
  5. a surname

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 502, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14297
  • Dae Jaweon: page 876, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1511, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+66F9

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (15)
Final: (89)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: cáo
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zɑu/ /d͡zɑu/ /d͡zɑu/ /d͡zaw/ /d͡zɑu/ /d͡zɑu/ /d͡zʱɑu/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
cáo ‹ dzaw › /*N-tsˤu/ come together; pair

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1154 1 /*zluː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. cadet
  2. friend

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jo) (hangeul , revised jo, McCune-Reischauer cho, Yale co)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tào)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.