herd

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See also: Herd

English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

A herd of sheep.

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English herde, heerde, heorde, from Old English hierd, heord (herd, flock; keeping, care, custody), from Proto-West Germanic *herdu, from Proto-Germanic *herdō (herd), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱerdʰ- (file, row, herd). Cognate with German Herde, Swedish hjord. Non-Germanic cognates include Albanian herdhe (nest) and Serbo-Croatian krdo.

Noun[edit]

herd (plural herds)

  1. A number of domestic animals assembled together under the watch or ownership of a keeper. [from 11th c.]
    a herd of cattle
    a herd of sheep
    a herd of goats
  2. Any collection of animals gathered or travelling in a company. [from 13th c.]
    • 2007, J. Michael Fay, Ivory Wars: Last Stand in Zakouma, National Geographic (March 2007), 47,
      Zakouma is the last place on Earth where you can see more than a thousand elephants on the move in a single, compact herd.
  3. (now usually derogatory) A crowd, a mass of people or things; a rabble. [from 15th c.]
    • 1681, [John Dryden], Absalom and Achitophel. A Poem. [], 3rd edition, London: [] J[acob] T[onson] and are to be sold by W. Davis [], published 1682, OCLC 228727437, page 15:
      But far more numerous was the Herd of ſuch, / Who think too little, and who talk too much.
    • 1833, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Table Talk, 8 June 1833
      You can never interest the common herd in the abstract question.
    • 2001, Jonathan Franzen, The Corrections
      There were herds of leather sofas and enough computers to ensure that no prospective matriculant or visiting parent could enter a room and not see at least one available keyboard, not even in the dining hall or field house.
Hyponyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

herd (third-person singular simple present herds, present participle herding, simple past and past participle herded)

  1. (intransitive) To unite or associate in a herd; to feed or run together, or in company.
    Sheep herd on many hills.
    • 1953, Janice Holt Giles, The Kentuckians:
      The women bunched up in little droves and let their tongues clack, and the men herded together and passed a jug around and, to tell the truth, let their tongues clack too.
    • 1983, Richard Ellis, The Book of Sharks, Knopf, →ISBN, page 167:
      Any predator that preys on animals that herd or school, has to be able to single out one individual to attack.
  2. (transitive) To unite or associate in a herd
  3. (transitive) To manage, care for or guard a herd
    He is employed to herd the goats.
  4. (intransitive) To associate; to ally oneself with, or place oneself among, a group or company.
    1712 (date written), [Joseph] Addison, Cato, a Tragedy. [], London: [] J[acob] Tonson, [], published 1713, OCLC 79426475, (please specify the page):
    • I’ll herd among his friends, and seem
      One of the number.
    • 1887, H. Rider Haggard, She: A History of Adventure[1]:
      "[W]hy, I say, oh stranger, dost thou think that I herd here with barbarians lower than the beasts?"
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English herde, from Old English hirde, hierde, from Proto-West Germanic *hirdī, from Proto-Germanic *hirdijaz. Cognate with German Hirte, Swedish herde, Danish hyrde.

Noun[edit]

herd (plural herds)

  1. (now rare) Someone who keeps a group of domestic animals; a herdsman.
    • 1902, John Buchan, The Outgoing of the Tide
      John Dodds, the herd who bode in the place, was standing at the door, and he looked to see who was on the road so late.
    • 2000, Alasdair Grey, The Book of Prefaces, Bloomsbury 2002, page 38:
      Any talent which gives a good new thing to others is a miracle, but commentators have thought it extra miraculous that England's first known poet was an illiterate herd.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb[edit]

herd (third-person singular simple present herds, present participle herding, simple past and past participle herded)

  1. (intransitive, Scotland) To act as a herdsman or a shepherd.
  2. (transitive) To form or put into a herd.
  3. (transitive) To move or drive a herd.
    I heard the herd of cattle being herded home from a long way away.
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

herd

  1. Alternative form of herde (herd)

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

herd

  1. Alternative form of herde (herder)

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

herd

  1. Alternative form of hird (household)

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Verb[edit]

herd

  1. imperative of herde

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse herðr.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

herd f (definite singular herda, indefinite plural herdar or herder, definite plural herdane or herdene)

  1. shoulder
    Synonyms: skulder, aksel

Etymology 2[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Participle[edit]

herd (neuter herdt, definite singular and plural herde)

  1. past participle of herde

References[edit]


Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *herþ.

Noun[edit]

herd m

  1. hearth

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle High German: hert