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From agō (do, act) +‎ -men (noun-forming suffix).



agmen n (genitive agminis); third declension

  1. a train of something; multitude, host, crowd, flock
  2. an army, column, troop, band; line of troops
  3. (of water) stream, course, current, motion
  4. (of an army) procession, march, progress, movement


Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative agmen agmina
Genitive agminis agminum
Dative agminī agminibus
Accusative agmen agmina
Ablative agmine agminibus
Vocative agmen agmina

Derived terms[edit]


  • agmen in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • agmen in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • agmen in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • agmen in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the centre of the marching column: agmen medium (Liv. 10. 41)
    • the vanguard: agmen primum
    • the rearguard: agmen novissimum (extremum)
    • to bring up the rear: agmen claudere, cogere
    • to set the army in motion: agmen agere
    • to lead the army with forced marches: citatum agmen rapere
    • to lead the army with forced marches: raptim agmen ducere
    • to march down on to..: agmen, exercitum demittere in...
    • to march with closed ranks, in order of battle: agmine quadrato incedere, ire
    • in two, three columns: agmine duplici, triplici
  • agmen in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • agmen in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin