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From agō (do, act) +‎ -men (noun-forming suffix).



agmen n (genitive agminis); third declension

  1. a train of something; multitude, host, crowd, flock
  2. an army, column, troop, band; line of troops
  3. (of water) stream, course, current, motion
  4. (of an army) procession, march, progress, movement


Third declension neuter.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative agmen agmina
Genitive agminis agminum
Dative agminī agminibus
Accusative agmen agmina
Ablative agmine agminibus
Vocative agmen agmina

Derived terms[edit]


  • agmen in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • agmen in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • agmen in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • agmen in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the centre of the marching column: agmen medium (Liv. 10. 41)
    • the vanguard: agmen primum
    • the rearguard: agmen novissimum (extremum)
    • to bring up the rear: agmen claudere, cogere
    • to set the army in motion: agmen agere
    • to lead the army with forced marches: citatum agmen rapere
    • to lead the army with forced marches: raptim agmen ducere
    • to march down on to..: agmen, exercitum demittere in...
    • to march with closed ranks, in order of battle: agmine quadrato incedere, ire
    • in two, three columns: agmine duplici, triplici
  • agmen in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • agmen in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin