armentum

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Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A reanalysis of the older feminine singular armenta as a neuter plural, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂er-mn̥-teh₂, from the *h₂er- ‎(to join) + *-mn̥ + *-teh₂. Semantic development was "grouping, joining" > "herd". Related to arma.[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

armentum n ‎(genitive armentī); second declension

  1. herd of cattle
  2. head of cattle
  3. (in the plural) cattle

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative armentum armenta
genitive armentī armentōrum
dative armentō armentīs
accusative armentum armenta
ablative armentō armentīs
vocative armentum armenta

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 54
  2. ^ armentum in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press