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Recorded in English since 1555. From Middle French horde, from German Horde, from Polish horda, from Russian орда (orda, “horde", 'clan, troop'”), which may come directly from Mongolian or from West Turkic (compare Tatar урда (urda, “horde”), Turkish ordu (“camp, army”), from Mongolian орду (ordu, “court, castle, royal compound, camp, horde”); akin to Kalmyk орда (orda), from Proto-Turkic *or- (“army, place of staying of the army, ruler etc.”).
- (Received Pronunciation) enPR: hôd, IPA(key): /hɔːd/
- (General American) enPR: hôrd, IPA(key): /hɔɹd/
- (rhotic, without the horse–hoarse merger) enPR: hōrd, IPA(key): /ho(ː)ɹd/
- (non-rhotic, without the horse–hoarse merger) IPA(key): /hoəd/
Audio (US) (file) Audio (AU) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɔː(ɹ)d
- Homophones: hoard, whored
horde (plural hordes)
- A wandering troop or gang; especially, a clan or tribe of a nomadic people (originally Tatars) migrating from place to place for the sake of pasturage, plunder, etc.; a predatory multitude.
- A large number of people.
- We were beset by a horde of street vendors who thought we were tourists and would buy their cheap souvenirs.
- 1907, Jack London, Before Adam, page Chapter IV
- It is true, the more progressive members of our horde lived in the caves above the river.
- to travel en masse, to flock
- 1824, T. E., Oriental Wanderings, or the Fortunes of Felix. A romance, page 69:
- "What wouldst thou insinuate?" replied Elmuton, sarcastically; “has he not been watched, and secretly discovered hordeing with Christians?
- Sometimes confused with hoard.
- M. J. Koenen & J. Endepols, Verklarend Handwoordenboek der Nederlandse Taal (tevens Vreemde-woordentolk), Groningen, Wolters-Noordhoff, 1969 (26th edition) [Dutch dictionary in Dutch]
horde f (plural hordes)
- A horde
- “horde” in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).
- a horde
- “horde” in The Bokmål Dictionary.