先行

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Chinese[edit]

 
early; prior; former
early; prior; former; in advance; first
 
to go; to do; capable
to go; to do; capable; all right; competent; OK; okay; to travel; temporary; to walk; will do; behavior; conduct; a row; profession; professional
simp. and trad.
(先行)

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sian-hêng - literary;
  • suiⁿ-kiâⁿ/seng-kiâⁿ - vernacular (to go ahead).

Verb[edit]

先行

  1. to advance; to move forward
  2. to go ahead of the rest; to start off before the others

Adjective[edit]

先行

  1. advance; ahead of the rest

Adverb[edit]

先行

  1. (literary) before; previously
  2. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) in advance; beforehand

Synonyms[edit]

  • (before):
edit

Noun[edit]

先行

  1. Short for 先行官 (xiānxíngguān, “commander of an advance unit”).

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
さき
Grade: 1
ゆ(き)
Grade: 2
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
先行き
Kanji in this term
さき
Grade: 1
い(き)
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Compound of (saki, point, tip; the front, the forward direction; the future) +‎ 行き (yuki, going, the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 行く (yuku, to go), alternative reading for iku).[1][2][3][4]

The sakiyuki reading is first cited to a text from 1678.[1]

Less commonly encountered with the reading sakiiki, using the standard iki reading for the second half.[1][2][3][4] This variant is first cited to a text from 1686.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(さき)(ゆき) or (さき)(いき) (sakiyuki or sakiiki

  1. [???] the first, the vanguard, the state of going out in front
  2. [from 1678] the future, prospects
  3. [from 1881] (finance) anticipated future movement in market prices

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
せん
Grade: 1
こう
Grade: 2
on’yomi kan’on

Ultimately from Middle Chinese 先行 (MC sen ɦˠæŋ, literally “preceding + to go”).

First cited to a text from 833.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(せん)(こう) (senkōせんかう (senkau)?

  1. preceding thing
  2. a lead, a pioneer
  3. something done prior to something else

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

(せん)(こう)する (senkō suruせんかう (senkau)? suru (stem (せん)(こう) (senkō shi), past (せん)(こう)した (senkō shita))

  1. [from 833] to go ahead of, to go in front of, to go first
    Synonym: 前行 (zenkō)
  2. [from 1887] to lead, to show the way
    Synonym: 導く (michibiku)
  3. [from 1928] to do something ahead of something else
    Synonym: 前行 (zenkō)
Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  5. 5.0 5.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.