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U+810A, 脊
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-810A

[U+8109]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+810B]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 130, +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 火金月 (FCB), four-corner 11227)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 982, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29472
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1434, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2070, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+810A

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
脊-bronze-shang.svg 脊-bronze.svg 脊-slip.svg 脊-seal.svg 脊-bigseal.svg

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chiak/chek - literary;
  • chit/chiah - vernacular.
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (13)
    Final () (123)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡siᴇk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡siɛk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡siæk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /t͡siajk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡siɛk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡sĭɛk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡si̯ɛk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ji
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    zik1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsjek ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ts]ek/
    English spine, backbone

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 5782
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔseɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (anatomy) spine; backbone
    2. (of terrain, rooms, etc.) ridgeline; ridge; spine; ridge beam
    3. (of books, knives, etc.) spine
    4. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. height, stature

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC t͡siᴇk̚). Recorded as Middle Korean 쳑〮 (Yale: chyek) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 등마루 (deungmaru cheok))

    1. Hanja form? of (spine; backbone).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: tích

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.