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See also:
U+4F34, 伴
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F34

[U+4F33]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F35]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9, +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人火手 (OFQ), four-corner 29250, composition)

  1. companion, comrade, partner
  2. accompany

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 96, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 475
  • Dae Jaweon: page 205, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 139, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4F34

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • phōaⁿ/phǒaⁿ/pōaⁿ - vernacular;
  • poān/phoǎn/phoān - literary.
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (3)
    Final () (62)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /buɑnX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /bʷɑnX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /buɑnX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /bwanX/
    Li
    Rong
    /buɑnX/
    Wang
    Li
    /buɑnX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱuɑnX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    bàn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    bun6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    bàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ banX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[C.b]ˁanʔ/
    English comrade

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 258
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*baːnʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. companion
    2. to accompany
    3. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (3)
    Final () (62)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /buɑnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /bʷɑnH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /buɑnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /bwanH/
    Li
    Rong
    /buɑnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /buɑnH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱuɑnH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    bàn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    bun6
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 262
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*baːns/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Used in 伴奐伴奂 (pànhuàn, “relaxed; free; unrestrained”).
    2. Alternative form of (pàn, “side”).

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. consort

    Readings[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (ばん) (Ban

    1. A surname​.

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC buɑnX). Recorded as Middle Korean 반〯 (Yale: pan) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (jjak ban))

    1. Hanja form? of (companion).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: bạn

    1. friend; fellow; comrade

    Usage notes[edit]

    • Chữ Nôm. The modern Vietnamese word for friend is bạn.

    References[edit]