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See also:
U+5224, 判
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5224

[U+5223]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5225]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Simplified
Japanese
Korean

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 18, +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 火手中弓 (FQLN), four-corner 92500, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 138, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1923
  • Dae Jaweon: page 311, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 331, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5224

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *pʰaːns): phonetic (OC *paːns, half (cow)) + semantic (knife) – to cut fine distinctions 刀 (to judge, to discriminate). Phonetic (半) is also a cow cut in half, hence “divide a cow”.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: pong3 - used in 判官.
Note:
  • phoàn/phàn - literary;
  • phòaⁿ - vernacular.
  • (Teochew)
    • Peng'im: puang3 / puêng3 / puan3
    • Pe̍h-ōe-jī-like: phuàng / phuèng / phuàⁿ
    • Sinological IPA (key): /pʰuaŋ²¹³/, /pʰueŋ²¹³/, /pʰũã²¹³/
Note:
  • puang3/puêng3 - literary (puêng3 - Chaozhou);
  • puan3 - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /pʰan⁵¹/
    Harbin /pʰan⁵³/
    Tianjin /pʰan⁵³/
    Jinan /pʰã²¹/
    Qingdao /pʰã⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /pʰan³¹²/
    Xi'an /pʰã⁴⁴/
    Xining /pʰã²¹³/
    Yinchuan /pʰan¹³/
    Lanzhou /pʰɛ̃n¹³/
    Ürümqi /pʰan²¹³/
    Wuhan /pʰan³⁵/
    Chengdu /pʰan¹³/
    Guiyang /pʰan²¹³/
    Kunming /pʰã̠²¹²/
    Nanjing /pʰaŋ⁴⁴/
    Hefei /pʰʊ̃⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /pʰæ̃⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /pʰɑŋ³⁵/
    Hohhot /pʰæ̃⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /pʰø³⁵/
    Suzhou /pʰø⁵¹³/
    Hangzhou /pʰuõ⁴⁴⁵/
    Wenzhou /pʰø⁴²/
    Hui Shexian /pʰo³²⁴/
    Tunxi /pʰuːə⁴²/
    Xiang Changsha /pʰõ⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /pʰɔn⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /pʰɵn²¹³/
    /pʰɔŋ²¹³/ ~官
    Hakka Meixian /pʰan⁵³/
    Taoyuan /pʰɑn⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /pʰun³³/
    Nanning /pʰun³³/
    Hong Kong /pʰun³³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pʰan²¹/
    /pʰuã²¹/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pʰuɑŋ²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /puiŋ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /pʰuaŋ²¹³/
    /pʰuã²¹³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /fuaŋ³⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (2)
    Final () (62)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pʰuɑnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pʰʷɑnH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /pʰuɑnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /pʰwanH/
    Li
    Rong
    /pʰuɑnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /pʰuɑnH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pʰuɑnH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    pàn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    pun3
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    pàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ phanH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pʰˁan-s/
    English divide

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 250
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pʰaːns/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to differentiate; to discriminate
    2. to judge
    3. to sentence
    4. obvious

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. judgement
    2. seal, stamp

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    はん
    Grade: 5
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (phanH).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (はん) (han

    1. stamp, seal
    2. judgement

    Suffix[edit]

    (はん) (-han

    1. size of paper or books

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ばん
    Grade: 5
    kan’yōon

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Suffix[edit]

    (ばん) (-ban

    1. size of paper or books

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eum (pan))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: phán

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.