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U+5223, 刣
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5223

[U+5222]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5224]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 18 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 戈口中弓 (IRLN), composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 138, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1922
  • Dae Jaweon: page 311, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 332, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5223

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  (knife).

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𠛀

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. to pare; to scrape

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Often considered a substrate word. Compare (Deng, 1994):

Norman (1979) suggests that this derives from (MC ɖɨ, “to regulate; to clean (fish)”) instead. This usage is still used in some Mandarin dialects (usually meaning “to clean (fish)”) and Hakka chhṳ̀ (“to slaughter (livestock)”), often written as .

Alternatively, some have suggested that (MC jiɪ, “to be level; to pacify; to kill”) is the original character.

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Min) to slaughter (an animal)
    / [Min Nan]  ―  thâi ti [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  to slaughter a pig
  2. (Min Dong, Min Nan, Puxian Min) to kill (a person)
  3. (Min Dong, Min Nan) to cut open
    西瓜 [Min Nan]  ―  thâi si-koe [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  to cut a watermelon
  4. (Hokkien) to cut; to gash
  5. (Hokkien) to fight a battle; to go to war
  6. (Hokkien) to delete; to remove; to cross out
  7. (Taiwanese Min Nan) to beat down the price; to haggle
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of (“to kill (a person)”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Penang
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng
Dialectal synonyms of (“to slaughter; to butcher”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 宰殺屠宰
Mandarin Beijing fish
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan fish
Chengdu
Yangzhou fish
Hefei fish
Cantonese Guangzhou chicken
Hong Kong
Hong Kong (Weitou)
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang fish
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hong Kong
Sabah
Singkawang
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Penang
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Compounds[edit]